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San Jacinto Collection | University of Houston Libraries

Name: San Jacinto Collection

Historical Note:

The Battle of San Jacinto was the final military engagement of the Texas Revolution. Mexican troops, under the command of General Santa Anna, had overextended themselves while following the Texian forces that were retreating from earlier defeats. The two armies were camped within a mile of each other near Harrisburg, Texas.

On the afternoon of April 21, the outnumbered Texans, led by Sam Houston, staged a surprise attack and routed the Mexican forces within twenty minutes. General Santa Anna escaped initially, only to be discovered later disguised as a Mexican soldier.

Due to the events at the Battle of San Jacinto, the Republic of Texas gained its freedom from Mexico, and remained independent until 1845, when it was annexed to the United States.

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