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Houston Ship Channel (Tex.) | University of Houston Libraries

Name: Houston Ship Channel (Tex.)

Historical Note:

The Houston Ship Channel was established in 1914; however, Buffalo Bayou, which flows through Houston, had been used for boat navigation as early as 1839. In 1841, the mayor of Houston established the Port of Houston, which was supported by the city and later by the state of Texas. In 1880, Congressional legislation was introduced which began the involvement of the federal government in the Ship Channel.

The Houston Ship Channel was completed in 1914, although many additional improvements and changes have been made since that date. These include the dredging of the turning basin, allowing for larger ships to navigate the channel, and widening the entrance to the channel.


Sibley, Marilyn McAdams. The Port of Houston: A History. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968.

Ball, Thomas Henry. The Port of Houston: How It Came to Pass. Houston, Tex., 1944.

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