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Alonso S. Perales Papers


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Finding Aid/Inventory

Personal Papers

General Correspondence

Nicaraguan Consular Service

Aricna-Tacna Compromise

League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America

National Foreign Trade Council

Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens

Additional Civil Service

Law Firm

Religious Interests

Perales Original Works

Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles

Marta Pérez de Perales Papers

Original Works by other individuals

Periodicals and Publications



Contact us about this collection

Alonso S. Perales Papers, 1898-1991 | University of Houston Libraries

By Kristen McAlear and Nicolás Kanellos

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Collection Overview

Title: Alonso S. Perales Papers, 1898-1991

ID: 04/2010-002

Primary Creator: Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960

Extent: 17.0 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 00/00/2009

Subjects: Comité contra el Racismo, Committee of One Hundred Citizens, League of Loyal Citizens, League of United Latin American Citizens, Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960, Perales, Marta Pérez de

Forms of Material: Blueprints (reprographic copies), Books, Brochures, Clippings (information artifacts), Correspondence, Manuscripts (document genre), Offprints, Periodicals, Photographs, Scrapbooks, Typescripts

Languages: English, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Containing 17 series and housed in 14 boxes, this collection documents the life and work of Alonso S. Perales and, to a lesser degree, that of his wife, Marta Pérez de Perales. The collection also contains the correspondence with Perales by noteworthy civil rights leaders as J. T. Canales, Dr. Carlos Castañeda, José Luz Saenz, Mauro Machado, George I. Sánchez and Adela Sloss de Vento. The Alonso S. Perales Papers also contain the organizational papers for the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens and various other civil rights organizations. Perales’ journalism, essays, speeches and radio addresses are represented on hundreds of pages of typescript, at times with marginalia. His published materials include books, pamphlets and thousands of newspaper columns and letters to the editor. The collection also includes onionskin copies of typewritten letters from Perales to recipients, including community leaders, national and state politicians, and their typewritten letters responding to him. An extensive newspaper clipping file and full pages of newspapers from around Texas that carried his writing are also conserved in this collection. A particularly interesting chapter in the Perales documentation corresponds to his service as Consul for Nicaragua in San Antonio, during which he seems to have forged a strong relationship with Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza. Also included is a rich collection of personal and business photographs, many of which have been identified, and important memorabilia, such as awards, certificates and citations given to Mr. Perales.

Related Materials:

Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales)

Alsono S. Perales Papers Microfilm: Catalog listing (http://library.uh.edu/search~S11?/eMicrofilm+2309/emicrofilm+2309/-3,-1,0,B/exact&FF=emicrofilm+2309&1,22)

Biographical Note

Alonso S. Perales, civil-rights lawyer and diplomat, was born on Oct. 17, 1898, to Susana Sandoval and Nicolas Perales in Alice, Texas. His father died when he was six years old and his mother when he was 12, leaving him an orphan. He worked laying railroad ties and picking cotton to put himself through high school and college. Later, Perales was drafted into the United States Army during World War I. After the war, Perales received an honorable discharge and moved to Washington D.C. to work with the U.S. Commerce Department. Perales eventually enrolled at George Washington University, receiving his B.A. He then attended the National University where he received his Law degree in 1926.

Perales married Marta Pérez y Peña, a bookstore owner, and they eventually adopted a daughter and two sons. In the 1920s and 1930s he went on thirteen diplomatic missions to the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Nicaragua, Mexico, Chile, and the West Indies. In particular he was Legal Advisor to the United States Electoral Mission in Nicaragua in 1928, 1930 and 1932 and was one of the attorneys on General John J. Pershing’s staff for the Tacna-Arica Arbitration Commision in 1925-1926. He served as Consul General of Nicaragua in San Antonio, Texas and in 1945 he served as legal counsel to the Nicaraguan delegation at the United Nations conference. He also served under the Dwight D. Eisenhower administration.

From the 1920s until his death, Perales remained a prominent political leader, particularly as a defender of Mexican-American civil rights. As such he participated in various Civil Rights organizations and was one of the founders of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) in 1929. Along with José Tomás Canales and Eduardo Idar, he helped write the LULAC constitution and served as the organization’s second president in 1930, organizing Council 16 in San Antonio. As president of LULAC one of Perales greatest accomplishments was the successful defeat of the Box Immigration Bill in 1930 which would have put a quota on Mexican immigration to the United States. His other civic activities included founding the Independent Voters Association, a Mexican-American political club in San Antonio, introducing legislation calling for the prohibition of racial discrimination, and membership in other religious and civil rights organizations. For his civic activities he was decorated by Spain with the “Medal of Civil Merit”, one of the nation’s highest civil honors.

Perales published numerous essays, speeches and two books: Are we good neighbors? which documents cases of racial discrimination, and the two volume En defensa de mi raza which compiles many of his essays and speeches on racial discrimination and those of other intellectuals. Also a regular columnist for La Prensa and other Spanish language newspapers, he published columns entitled “Arquitectos de nuestros propios destinos” which spoke of Mexican-American civil rights issues and “Por mi religión” which presents issues related to the Catholic Church.

Alonso S. Perales died on May 9, 1960. In 1977 the Alonso S. Perales Elementary School in Edgewood ISD was dedicated on the west side of San Antonio, and in 1990 the national LULAC convention in Albuquerque paid tribute to him.

Subject/Index Terms

Comité contra el Racismo
Committee of One Hundred Citizens
League of Loyal Citizens
League of United Latin American Citizens
Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960
Perales, Marta Pérez de

Administrative Information

Repository: University of Houston Libraries

Access Restrictions: Open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Permission to publish or reprint these materials must be requested from Arte Público Press at https://artepublicopress.com/permissions/.

Special Collections owns the physical items in our collections, but copyright normally belongs to the creator of the materials or his/her heirs or Arte Público Press. The researcher has full responsibility for determining copyright status, locating copyright holders, and abiding by current copyright laws when publishing or displaying copies of Special Collections material in print or electronic form.

Acquisition Source: Donated to the Recovering the US Hispanic Literary Heritage Project (https://artepublicopress.com/recovery-project/) by Alonso S. Perales' daughter Marta Carrizales and son Raymond Perales.

Related Materials:

Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales)

Alsono S. Perales Papers Microfilm Catalog listing (http://library.uh.edu/search~S11?/eMicrofilm+2309/emicrofilm+2309/-3,-1,0,B/exact&FF=emicrofilm+2309&1,22)

Preferred Citation: Alonso S. Perales Papers. Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries.

Processing Information: Nicolás Kanellos, Carolina Villarroel, Gabriela Baeza Ventura, Norma Mouton, Cristelia Pérez, Miguel Kanellos, Kristen McAlear and the research assistants at the Recovering the U. S. Hispanic Literary Heritage Program.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal Papers],
[Series 2: General Correspondence],
[Series 3: Nicaraguan Consular Service],
[Series 4: Aricna-Tacna Compromise],
[Series 5: League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America],
[Series 6: National Foreign Trade Council],
[Series 7: Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens],
[Series 8: Additional Civil Service],
[Series 9: Law Firm],
[Series 10: Religious Interests],
[Series 11: Perales Original Works],
[Series 12: Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles],
[Series 13: Marta Pérez de Perales Papers],
[Series 14: Original Works by other individuals],
[Series 15: Periodicals and Publications],
[Series 16: Scrapbooks],
[Series 17: Artifacts],

Series 14: Original Works by other individuals
This series contains 11 folders housed in 1 box and organized alphabetically by title. It contains essays, speeches and editorials authored by other individuals, including many noted Civil Rights activists of the time including Adela Sloss de Vento, Carlos Castañeda and Manuel Pacheco Moreno and more. Also included are biographies of Alonso Perales authored by his friends and colleagues.
Box 10
Folder 10: A - B
Item 1: “A guisa de prólogo,” unsigned prologue by an unknown author (perhaps C. Castañeda) for a book by Perales.
Item 2: “A la muy amada memoria,del Sr. Don Francisco Pérez,” by Melesio Pérez.
Item 3: "A propósito de la condecoración ‘Aguila Azteca” …”, by C. K. Quin
Item 4: "A los ciudadanos del Condado Hidalgo,” by Joe Alamía
Item 5: “Acróstico,” by Jos@ Lorenzo Avila.
Item 6: “All Americans,” Olivia Pérez.
Item 7: “All Chips Off the Same Block Farmer Points Out,” Olivia  Pérez
Item 8: “All Kinds of People.” By Mrs. Santos V. Lozano
Item 9: “Alonso S. Perales,” by Gilberto M. Hinojosa.
Item 10: “Alonso S. Perales …” by Adela Sloss Vento.
Item 11: “Alonso S. Perales,” unsigned.
Item 12: “Alonso S. Perales. Born …” (2 copies)
Item 13: “Alonso S. Perales Precursor and Founder of LULAC,” by Adela Sloss Vento. (a draft and a final.)
Item 14: “Ambassador Bonsal’s call on the president of Cuba”, Oct.  27, 1959
Item 15: Ambassador’s Edwards’ Speech ….”
Item 16: “Antecedentes de Alonso S. Perales.”
Item 18: “Better Schools Committee.”, Mar. 24, 1948
Item 19: “Biography of Alonso S. Perales.”
Item 20: “The Bounds of Church and State in Education,” by Carlos  Castañeda
Folder 11: C - E
Item 1: “Cachorros de León y Aguiluchos de Anahuac en Tierras de Texas,” by Carlos Castañeda.
Item 3: “Los centros de vicio en los barrios latinoamericanos,” by Adela S. Vento.
Item 4: “Cheap Labor Does Not Pay in the Long Run,” by Mrs. A. S. Vento.
Item 6: “The Circus Perales of San Antonio,” by the Committee. (3  copies)
Item 7: “Comentarios acerca de la obra ‘En defensa de mi raza,’ "  unsigned.
Item 8: “The Constitution,” by L. G. Meza.
Item 9: “Crucial Education Issues,” by Edward Eyring et al.
Item 10: “Debemos ser americanos,” by Marta Pérez Perales.
Item 11: "En defensa de mi raza,” review by Carlos Castañeda
Item 12: “Discriminación al latinoamericano,” by F. A. Hernández.
Item 13: "Discriminación. Donde Radica el Mal." by M. A. Urbina
Item 14: “Discrimination,” by Valdemar González.
Item 15: “Discrimination Here Shouts Visiting Valley Teacher,” by Ava I. Humphreys.
Item 16: “Discrimination Smacks of Nazis, Firemen Write,” Refugio Reyes. (2 copies)
Item 17: “Discurso del Presidente Coolidge …”
Item 18: “En voz alta,” by José Luz Saenz
Item 19: “Era una trade …” (story) by Marta Pérez Perales.
Item 20: “España rinde homenaje al Lic. Alonso S. Perales,” by Melesio Pérez (2 copies), Apr. 1952
Folder 12: F - I
Item 1: "Facts of the Record of the Citizens That are Held by Suspicion in the Dobbs Brothers' Murder Case" By Adela Sloss
Item 2: “Fair Employment Practice Committee: Speeches of Hon. William L. Dawson of Illinois in the House of Representatives May 26 and Jun 15, 1944”, 1944
Item 3: “Falsos apóstoles y malos políticos,” by Carlos Basanez Rocha. (2 copies)
Item 4: “Felicitaciones para el Lic. Alonso S. Perales,” various authors.
Item 5: “The following is a report to the president by Dr. Milton S. Eisenhower on United States-Latin American relations”, Dec 27. 1958
Item 6: […“The following taken from “Album de la Raza”…] Perales biography, Jan 15. 1954
Item 7: “González Texas Hero, But Not About Self,” by Graham Hovey.
Item 8: “He Was Good Enough in a Turret.”
Item 9: Henry B. González Television program script
Item 10: “Here’s Why, Mr. Strickland.”
Item 11: “Himno nacional mexicana” by Manuel Pacheco Moreno
Item 12: “Homenaje,” by Gilberto Díaz.
Item 13: “Honorable Alonso s. Perales,” by Luis Alvarado, Sr.
Item 14: “The Hope of Freemen,” by Carlos E. Castañeda.
Item 15: “Human events: The Texas Story” by Willis Ballinger
Item 16: “I have been requested …,” by José S. Garza Ramírez.
Item 17: “Individual Freedom, Social Justice and Peace,” (first page only), by Carlos Castañeda.
Item 18: "Interesante conferencia sustentó el culto Lic. Manuel Pacheco Moreno
Item 19: “An Invocation to Man.”
Folder 13: J - L
Item 1: "Los juguetes de Tehuantepec” by Andrés Hinostrosa, 1905
Item 2: “Just Who Is Discriminating against Whom, Asks Writer,” by Bean O. Jameton.
Item 3: “Justa distinción al Dr. Carlos Castañeda,” by Manuel Pacheco Moreno,” by Manuel Pacheco Moreno. (2 copies).
Item 4: “La labor cristiana del Sr. Lic. Alonso S. Perales,” by Paulino E. Rubio.
Item 5: “Labor Troubles, Chaotic World Memorial to FDR,” by an Anglo-American.
Item 6: “The Language Barrier in Bilingual Schools,” by Theodore J. Brenner, S. M.
Item 7: "Los latinoamericanos son leales"
Item 8: “Lic. Alonso s. Perales.”
Item 9: “El Lic. Alsonso S. Perales, Nació …”
Item 11: “Liderismo colectivo.”
Item 12: “Literatura mexicana,” Manuel M. Flores.
Item 13: “Los ‘mitos’ de Francisco de la Maza,” by Alfonso Méndez Plancarte.
Item 14: “Luis y Engracia,” by Marta Pérez Perales
Folder 14: M - O
Item 1: “The man we honor”
Item 2: “Memorandum re Alonso S. Perales.”
Item 3: "Los mexicanos las prefieren gordas” by Salvador Novo, 1904
Item 4: "Mi opinión acerca del libro En defensa de mi raza,” by José de Luz Saenz
Item 5: “A must in new books” Unknown
Item 7: “Native Latin American Contribution to the Colonization and Independence of Texas,” by Eugene C. Barker.
Item 9: “Oil on Troubled Water.”
Item 10: “Opera.”
Item 11: “Our Own Backyard,” by Jimmy Haynes.
Item 12: “Our Personal Relations with Mexicans,” by Malcom G. Ross.
Folder 15: P - Q
Item 1: “Palabras de Arutro Arnáiz y Freg …”
Item 2: "El paladín de la raza Lic. Alonso S. Perales fue condecorado,” by Benjamín F. Cuéllar, Sr
Item 3: “Paper Presented by Lic. Roberto Molina Pasquel ….”
Item 4: “Perales, Alonso S., Lawyer …”
Item 6: “The port of New York” by James A. Farley, Coca Cola Export company Chairman, Mar 20, 1945
Item 7: "Power at the Polls"
Item 8: “Price of Education,” by Valdemar González.
Item 9: “Program de 15 minutos … Srs. Olivares Perales y Rodríguez.”
Item 10: “Protests to Continue until Discrimination Is Ended,” by Santos V. Lozano.
Item 11: “Public Housing” May 1948
Item 12: “Questions to be Asked Mr. Perales.”
Item 13: “Quit Griping and Try to Get Along, Latin Youth Advises Nation of Nations,” by Martha Z. Williams.
Folder 16: Assorted poems and lyrics
Folder 17: R - Sp
Item 1: “Race Issue Arouses Ire of Mexicans,” by Curtis Vinson.
Item 2: “Racial Discrimination,” by José Luz Saenz.
Item 3: “Racial Discrimination Charged in Comal Co.”
Item 4: “The recently published “Are we good neighbors” by a successful San Antonio Lawyer …” by Deming, Ted.
Item 5: “Regulations in regard to lost, stolen, destroyed, mutilated, and defaced United States bonds and nots” by A. W. Mellon
Item 6: "Representacion Latioamericana en el Gobierno"
Item 7: "Respetables damas y caballeros …” by Jim Bates
Item 8: "Review of Books: 'Are We Good Neighbors?'" by Thomas Bledsoe
Item 9: “Tinde Homenaje al Lic. Alonso S. Perales.”
Item 10: “The Second Rate Citizen and Democracy,” draft by Carlos Castañeda.
Item 11: “The Seed Is Still Alive.”
Item 12: “The Segregation Problem: Latin-Americans Must Help, Too,” by Pat Galván.
Item 13: “Sic Transit Glorias Mundi,” by Paulino S. Rubio.
Item 14: “La Sociedad LULAC,” by Mrs. Santos V. Lozano.
Item 15: “Solución al problema,” by Amado Vera, Jr.
Item 16: “Some places where Mexicans are discrimated against in Texas…”
Item 17: “Some recent incidents which clearly indicate the need of adopting corrective measures”
Item 18: “The Spanish Speaking People in the United States,” by Rev. John J. Birch.
Item 19: Speech of Senator Dennis Chávez of New Mexico at the Convention of LULACS on Jun 4, 1838, at El Paso, Texas”
Folder 18: St
Item 1: “Statement of the Problem of Segregation,” by John L. McMahon.
Item 2: “Statement of William R. Sinkin …”
Item 3: “The Struggle of a Brave People,” by Adela S. Vento. (2 copies)
Item 4: “Statement of Ernesto Galarza, Labor Section, Pan American Union,” transcript of testimony to a Congressional committee?
Item 5: “A Study of the Educational Opportunities Provided Spanish-Name Children in Ten Texas School Systems,” by Virgil E. Strickland and George I. Sánchez.
Folder 19: T - Z
Item 1: “Ten Races Get Along,” by Pfc. Joseph V. Delgado Jr.
Item 2: “Texas, en el año 1916 …” fragment, by Kelley et al.
Item 3: "Texto del Proyecto de Ley Num. 68 conocido también con el nombre de Proyecto de Ley del Buen Vecino
Item 4: “Their Best Friends.”
Item 5: “The Triumph of a Lawyer of Our Race.”
Item 6: “To Our Guests …” unsigned, Jun 7, 1959
Item 7: “To the list of recent publications dealing with discrimination…” (Praise for Perales’s Are we good neighbors? ) by Bledsoe, Thomas, and Andrew Fraley
Item 8: “Treaties of the Republic of Texas with other governments” by Leonara Sayera-Walker
Item 9: “Two men Fined after Gulty Plea to Assault Charge.”
Item 10: “Valley race Disicriminaion Appalling and Shameful,” by Wayne Thomas.
Item 11: “Vargas, Long a friend of United States, guides Brazil at War” by Office of the Coordinator of inter-american affairs press division.
Item 12: “We Have in San Antonio a young lawyer …”, Jan. 15, 1934
Item 13: “What Is the Fifth Column?” by C. E. Troutz.
Item 14: “What Our Sons Fought For …,” by Laureano Flores.
Item 15: “Who Set the Community’s Social pattern?” By rev. John J. Birch.
Item 16: “What Would Our Grwers Do without Wetback Labor?” by Valdemar González.
Item 17: “The Wishes of God,” by Goerge Esqueda.
Item 18: “A Word for Mexico,” by Mrs. Santos V. Lozano.
Item 19: “World law or world anarchy” by W. T. Holliday (from Texas Law Review Oct 1948)
Item 20: “Your Mind in Action, by Fred A. Moss.
Folder 20: Untitled Manuscripts
Item 1: Item 1. Unsigned, untitled essay, missing first three pages.
Item 2: Untitled (Title May Be “The Problem as Seen by Others”) partial book manuscript, with essays by various authors, including Carlos Casteñeda, José de la Luz Saenz, Barnes, etc., pages  1-3, 12-15, 19-37, 49-61, 77-130.
Item 3: Untitled manuscript in Spanish, a collection of essays and reports to be published together in book form, possibly a draft for En defensa de mi raza, Vol. I

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal Papers],
[Series 2: General Correspondence],
[Series 3: Nicaraguan Consular Service],
[Series 4: Aricna-Tacna Compromise],
[Series 5: League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America],
[Series 6: National Foreign Trade Council],
[Series 7: Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens],
[Series 8: Additional Civil Service],
[Series 9: Law Firm],
[Series 10: Religious Interests],
[Series 11: Perales Original Works],
[Series 12: Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles],
[Series 13: Marta Pérez de Perales Papers],
[Series 14: Original Works by other individuals],
[Series 15: Periodicals and Publications],
[Series 16: Scrapbooks],
[Series 17: Artifacts],

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