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Burdette Keeland Architectural Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Finding Aid/Inventory

Personal Papers

Professional Papers

University of Houston

Business Cards

Audio Recordings

Video Recordings

Correspondence Files

Clippings

Exhibitions, Conferences

Architectural Projects

Architectural Projects: Photographs

Photographs: Architecture and Professional

Photographs: Family and Friends

Harry Walker Photographs

Planning Commission

Travels

Cemeteries

Memorabilia

Reference Materials

Oversized photographs and artwork

Cemeteries: Oversized Materials

Art Cards

Miscellaneous Oversized Materials

Oversized Architectural Renderings

Keeland Exhibition

Architectural Projects: Drawings

Art Posters

Oversized Rolled Materials

Oversized framed artwork

Oversized sign



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Burdette Keeland Architectural Papers, 1926-2000 | University of Houston Libraries

By Stephen James

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Collection Overview

Title: Burdette Keeland Architectural Papers, 1926-2000View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1950-2000

ID: 01/2002-005

Primary Creator: Keeland, Burdette

Extent: 25.0 Linear Feet

Subjects: Architecture, Domestic, Architecture - Texas - Houston, Houston (Tex.), Keeland, Burdette, University of Houston - Alumni and alumnae, University of Houston - Faculty, University of Houston. Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture

Forms of Material: Correspondence, Greeting cards, Personal papers, Photographs

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Burdette Keeland Papers cover the period 1926 to 2000 and are comprised of his architectural drawings; business and personal files; memorabilia; photographic prints and negatives; as well as materials from his teaching career.  The collection occupies 25 linear feet of shelves and 15 drawers of flat files.  It is stored in 40 boxes, 112 oversize folders, and 5 tubes for rolled material.  It also includes one oversized construction sign and one piece of framed artwork.

The largest category of documents concerns Keeland's architectural practice. This category is comprised of his architectural drawings, project files, photographs, and magazines in which his work was published.  The majority of the original drawings are (a) studies and preliminary drawings and (b) working drawings.  Keeland was a talented artist and created presentation drawings in pen and ink for many projects.  These are of special interest and are noted in the finding aid for those projects.

Other important categories include Keeland's correspondence files, clippings files, travel photographs, papers from the City of Houston Planning Commission, and files related to his teaching career with the University of Houston.

Related Materials:

Burdette Keeland Architectural Drawings & Photographs digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/2002_005)

Harry Walker Photographs digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/p15195coll17)

Also, Keeland amassed an extensive collection of photographic slides of the architecture he encountered on his travels.  These slides were separated from the Burdette Keeland Papers and transferred to the Visual Resources Center at the University’s Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture.  At present they have not been processed or catalogued.

Biographical Note

Burdette Watts Keeland, Jr. was an influential Houston architect.  He was well known for his design work, his service as an educator, his long tenure on the City of  Houston Planning Commission, and his community involvement with the Park People and other groups.

Keeland was born in Mart, Texas on February 2, 1926, but moved with his family to Houston six months later.  He attended Lamar High School, graduating in 1943.  He enrolled at Texas A&M University briefly before enlisting in the U.S. Army Air Corps in 1944.  He served with U.S. occupation forces in Japan and was discharged in mid 1946.  After another short stay at Texas A&M, he enrolled at the University of Houston in the architecture program.  In 1947 he married Margaret Scott ("Margie").  From 1950 to 1957 they had four children: Margaret, Burdette III, Ruth, and Bonnie.

Keeland received a Bachelor's degree from the University of Houston in 1950.  He began teaching design there in 1954 and was an influential member of the faculty until his death in 2000.  He was briefly on the faculty at Rice University and served as lecturer and guest design critic at other noted architecture schools in the United States and Mexico City.  Professional organizations recognized Keeland's distinguished teaching career on several occasions.  He received the outstanding educator awards from the American Institute of Architects, Houston Chapter, in 1987, and the Texas Society of Architects in 1993.  In 1992 he was honored at the University of Houston Architecture Alumni Association's Burdette Keeland Roast.  In 2000 he was the subject of a retrospective exhibition of his work at the University of Houston's College of Architecture.

His long career at the university was also significant because of his association with Howard Barnstone.  An important Houston architect, Barnstone was Keeland's close friend and colleague until Barnstone's death in 1987.  In the early 1950s he introduced Keeland to Houston art collectors and philanthropists John and Dominique de Menil and to New York architect Philip Johnson.  These relationships had a profound effect on Keeland for the rest of his life.  In 1959 Barnstone was also instrumental in Keeland's admission to the graduate architecture program at Barnstone's alma mater, Yale University.  Of his many accomplishments, Keeland was perhaps most proud of his role in 1981 to secure for Philip Johnson the commission to design the new  building for the College of Architecture.  (Among the oversized memorabilia in the collection is the large construction sign for the building, given to Keeland when it was completed.)

In 1964 Mayor Louie Welch appointed Keeland to the Houston Planning Commission.  Keeland became chairman in 1981 and served in that capacity until 1991.  On January 31 of that year the city honored him by proclaiming the day "Burdette Keeland Day."  He was a tireless advocate of the benefits of urban planning, including land-use zoning, a position that was not always popular in the city.

Keeland was a prolific designer and had a successful practice, particularly from 1950 to 1980.  Although he never obtained state licensing as an architect, he was well respected by his peers.  Over several decades his projects were published consistently in national and international magazines and won a number of design awards.

His career as a designer can be broken into several periods.  In the 1950s, influenced by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson, Keeland's work followed the Miesian aesthetic of flat-roof pavilions defined by an exposed steel frame.  While several examples of this period survive, the best is the Meyerland Parade of Homes House (1955) on Jackwood Street, designed for homebuilder W. K. "Buck" King.

His year at Yale from 1959-60 exposed him to the ideas of other nationally-known architects, such as Paul Rudolph and Louis Kahn.  As a result, in the 1960s his work was less predictable, as he explored a number of other approaches to modern architecture.  An important example of his work of this decade was his Essex-Houck office building (1961; demolished 1990s), an homage to Louis Kahn.

During the 1970s Keeland moved from architectural design into real estate development, as he adopted the model of a design-build practice.  He developed several townhouse complexes in his Kirby Drive-area neighborhood of Houston.  They are remarkable for their sensitive scale and relationship to the street.  However, his most significant building of this period was the large 4101 Greenbriar office building (1975), which he designed and developed in partnership with other investors.

He also designed the proposed 4141 Greenbriar Building (1983) to be built next door, but Houston's economic depression of the 1980s halted the project.  There was little private or commercial construction in the city during this time and Keeland's professional practice suffered.   A highlight of the period, however, was his remodeling of his family's residence at 2907 Ferndale (1986) with its three-story tower and fanciful supporting column.

In 1986, Keeland suffered a heart attack, the first of a series of health problems to slow him in the last decade of his life.  During the 1990s he undertook  several residential projects and helped host a number of fund-raisers for the College of Architecture.  At two of those, in 1994 and 1998, he welcomed his friend Philip Johnson as guest of honor. 

After architecture, Keeland's greatest passion was cemeteries, an interest he developed on a trip to Milan in the late 1960s.  There he was inspired by a graveyard filled with  interesting and varied funerary monuments.  For the rest of his life he studied and documented cemeteries around the world and collected material for a book on the subject, which was never published.  He advocated an enlightened approach to these places, suggesting that the living treat them as park space.  Keeland invested some of his creative energy in designing headstones and monuments, a number of which were executed for clients.  He created a line of designer tombs for  a Texas monument company.  His largest project was an addition to the Cedarvale Cemetery in Bay City, Texas in the early 1990s.  In 1994 his unusual interest earned him feature stories in a number of regional newspapers and a profile in Texas Monthly magazine the following year.

Burdette Keeland, Jr. died on May 26, 2000.

Subject/Index Terms

Architecture, Domestic
Architecture - Texas - Houston
Houston (Tex.)
Keeland, Burdette
University of Houston - Alumni and alumnae
University of Houston - Faculty
University of Houston. Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture

Administrative Information

Repository: University of Houston Libraries

Access Restrictions: Open for research.

Use Restrictions: Special Collections owns the physical items in our collections, but copyright normally belongs to the creator of the materials or their heirs. The researcher has full responsibility for determining copyright status, locating copyright holders, and abiding by current copyright laws when publishing or displaying copies of Special Collections material in print or electronic form. For more information, consult the appropriate librarian.

Acquisition Method: The Burdette Keeland Papers were donated to the University of Houston Libraries by Margaret Scott Keeland in 2002.

Related Materials:

Burdette Keeland Architectural Drawings & Photographs digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/2002_005)

Harry Walker Photographs digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/p15195coll17)


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal Papers, 1926-2000],
[Series 2: Professional Papers, 1952-1999],
[Series 3: University of Houston, 1940s-2000],
[Series 4: Business Cards],
[Series 5: Audio Recordings, 1953-1968],
[Series 6: Video Recordings, 1989-2000],
[Series 7: Correspondence Files, 1931-1996],
[Series 8: Clippings, 1950s-1990s],
[Series 9: Exhibitions, Conferences, 1983-1995],
[Series 10: Architectural Projects, 1950-1998],
[Series 11: Architectural Projects: Photographs, 1950-1999],
[Series 12: Photographs: Architecture and Professional, 1931-1990s],
[Series 13: Photographs: Family and Friends, 1920s-2000],
[Series 14: Harry Walker Photographs, 1900-1940s],
[Series 15: Planning Commission, 1913-1993],
[Series 16: Travels, 1962-1995],
[Series 17: Cemeteries, 1940s-1990s],
[Series 18: Memorabilia, 1944-1950],
[Series 19: Reference Materials, 1905-2000],
[Series 20: Oversized photographs and artwork, 1935-1990s],
[Series 21: Cemeteries: Oversized Materials, 1990s],
[Series 22: Art Cards],
[Series 23: Miscellaneous Oversized Materials, 1947-2004],
[Series 24: Oversized Architectural Renderings, 1953-1983],
[Series 25: Keeland Exhibition, February 10 - March 3, 2000],
[Series 26: Architectural Projects: Drawings],
[Series 27: Art Posters, 1944-1995],
[Series 28: Oversized Rolled Materials, 1966-1996],
[Series 29: Oversized framed artwork, 1980],
[Series 30: Oversized sign, 1984-1986],
[All]

Series 20: Oversized photographs and artwork, 1935-1990s
Large oversized artwork and photographs of Keeland’s architecture are stored in flat-file drawers.  Smaller such materials, however, may be found in this oversized box.
Box 29
Folder 1: Unidentified Spanish Colonial building, 1935
Folder 2: Ronchamps photo, 1966
Folder 3: Keeland with Paul Rudolph photo, 1981
Folder 4: Keeland, Todd, Wingfield Photo, 1990s
Folder 5: Meyerland Parade of Homes House, 1955
Folder 6: Harry Holmes Shopping Center, 1960s, 1970s
Folder 7: Spring Branch Savings & Loan proposal, 1960s
Folder 8: Essex-Houck Building, 1960s, 1990sView associated digital content.
Folder 9: Negatives of Artwork, 1980s
Folder 10: Photographs of Clippings, 1970s
Folder 11: Keeland House, Ferndale, Remodel, 1986
Folder 12: Virginia Street Townhouses, 1976
Folder 13: Shields Office Building, 1955
Folder 14: Malco Oil Offices, New Mexico, 1956
Folder 15: Williams Beach House, 1967View associated digital content.
Folder 16: Kipling Apartments, 1953
Folder 17: Arnold House, Pt. 1, 1955
Folder 18: Arnold House, Pt. 2, 1955

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal Papers, 1926-2000],
[Series 2: Professional Papers, 1952-1999],
[Series 3: University of Houston, 1940s-2000],
[Series 4: Business Cards],
[Series 5: Audio Recordings, 1953-1968],
[Series 6: Video Recordings, 1989-2000],
[Series 7: Correspondence Files, 1931-1996],
[Series 8: Clippings, 1950s-1990s],
[Series 9: Exhibitions, Conferences, 1983-1995],
[Series 10: Architectural Projects, 1950-1998],
[Series 11: Architectural Projects: Photographs, 1950-1999],
[Series 12: Photographs: Architecture and Professional, 1931-1990s],
[Series 13: Photographs: Family and Friends, 1920s-2000],
[Series 14: Harry Walker Photographs, 1900-1940s],
[Series 15: Planning Commission, 1913-1993],
[Series 16: Travels, 1962-1995],
[Series 17: Cemeteries, 1940s-1990s],
[Series 18: Memorabilia, 1944-1950],
[Series 19: Reference Materials, 1905-2000],
[Series 20: Oversized photographs and artwork, 1935-1990s],
[Series 21: Cemeteries: Oversized Materials, 1990s],
[Series 22: Art Cards],
[Series 23: Miscellaneous Oversized Materials, 1947-2004],
[Series 24: Oversized Architectural Renderings, 1953-1983],
[Series 25: Keeland Exhibition, February 10 - March 3, 2000],
[Series 26: Architectural Projects: Drawings],
[Series 27: Art Posters, 1944-1995],
[Series 28: Oversized Rolled Materials, 1966-1996],
[Series 29: Oversized framed artwork, 1980],
[Series 30: Oversized sign, 1984-1986],
[All]

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