Log In | Contact Us
Browse: Collections Subjects Creators Record Groups

Joseph S. Cullinan Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Finding Aid/Inventory

Box 1

Box 2

Box 3

Box 4

Box 5

Box 6

Box 7

Box 8

Box 9

Box 10

Box 11

Box 12

Box 13

Box 14

Box 15

Box 16

Box 17

Box 18

Box 19

Box 20

Box 21

Box 22

Box 23

Box 24

Box 25

Box 26

Box 27

Box 28

Box 29

Box 30

Box 31

Box 32

Box 33

Box 34

Box 35

Box 36

Box 37

Box 38

Box 39

Box 40

Box 41

Box 42

Box 43

Box 44

Box 45

Box 46

Box 47

Box 48

Box 49

Box 50

Box 51

Box 52

Box 53

Box 54

Box 55

Box 56

Box 57

Box 58

Box 59

Box 60

Box 61

Box 62

Box 63

Box 64

Box 65

Box 66

Box 67

Box 68

Box 69

Box 70



Contact us about this collection

Joseph S. Cullinan Papers, 1893-1939 | University of Houston Libraries

By Samantha Herber, Mikaela Selley, Sara Follin, Craig Childs, Teresa Tomkins-Walsh, and Bobby Marlin

Printer-friendly Printer-friendly | Email Us Contact Us About This Collection

Collection Overview

Title: Joseph S. Cullinan Papers, 1893-1939

ID: 07/2006-009

Primary Creator: Cullinan, J. S. (Joseph Stephen) (1860-1937)

Extent: 70.0 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 00/00/2006

Subjects: African Americans - Segregation - Texas - Houston, Autry, James L., Business, Cullinan, J. S. (Joseph Stephen), 1860-1937, Hospitals - Texas - Houston - History, Magnolia Petroleum Company, Petroleum industry and trade - Texas, Political participation, Shadyside (Houston, Tex.), Texas Company

Forms of Material: Correspondence, Inventories, Photographs, Records (documents)

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Aside from its obvious use as a significant source for those persons interested in the petroleum industry, this collection covers a wide range of other research topics.  Business and economic historians will be interested in the extensive financial records and correspondence of such companies as the Petroleum Iron Works Co., Producers Oil Co., the Texas Company, Farmer's Petroleum Co., and the American Republics Corporation.  The collection includes records of the land division of the Shadyside subdivision, accounts of the construction of Cullinan's Shadyside residence and of the building and maintenance of his Pasadena farm.  These particular documents provide a wealth of information for architectural and agricultural historians.  Finally, historians of the City of Houston will be able to make use of the records of Cullinan's integral involvement with the improvement of the city through such efforts as the Houston Negro Hospital, the Northside Belt Railway, and the founding of the Museum of Fine Arts.  Political scientists will find his participation in politics on the local, state, and national level as well as his involvement in Irish affairs and other international issue of particular interest.

Related Materials:

Houston Negro Hospital digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/hnh)

Biographical Note

Oil magnate Joseph Stephen Cullinan was born on December 31, 1860 in western Pennsylvania, the second eldest among eight siblings.  In 1891, Cullinan married Lucy Halm, with whom he had five children.

Cullinan began working in the Pennsylvania oilfields at age 14 and joined Standard Oil in 1882.  After rising to management positions at Standard Oil, Cullinan left to establish his own company, Petroleum Iron Works, in 1895.  With the discovery of oil in Corsicana, TX, Cullinan moved his operations there and founded the J.S. Cullinan Company (later renamed the Magnolia Petroleum Company) in 1898 – the first pipeline and refining company in the state.  He further contributed to the Corsicana oil industry by introducing ways to increase oil consumption in the days before widespread use of the automobile: oil as fuel for locomotives and as an agent to tamp down the dust on city streets.

Soon after the Spindletop oil discovery in 1901, Cullinan moved to nearby Beaumont, TX and founded the Texas Company (later named Texaco) for storing and transporting oil.  He helped establish Houston as the epicenter of the oil industry in the southwestern United States by moving his Texaco headquarters to the city in 1905.  In the ensuing years, he acquired new oil field leases in the area; built refineries at Port Neches and Port Arthur; and founded ten more companies that focused on exploring, producing, refining, and marketing Texas oil.

As president of the Houston Chamber of Commerce from 1913-1919, Cullinan threw his support behind the continued development of the Houston Ship Channel, and later built the city’s North Side Belt Railway in 1922.  He donated $25,000 towards the construction of the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston in 1926, as well as $80,000 to help the Houston Negro Hospital build its new facility, which opened to the public in 1927.  Cullinan died on March 11, 1937.

Subject/Index Terms

African Americans - Segregation - Texas - Houston
Autry, James L.
Business
Cullinan, J. S. (Joseph Stephen), 1860-1937
Hospitals - Texas - Houston - History
Magnolia Petroleum Company
Petroleum industry and trade - Texas
Political participation
Shadyside (Houston, Tex.)
Texas Company

Administrative Information

Repository: University of Houston Libraries

Access Restrictions: Open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Special Collections owns the physical items in our collections, but copyright normally belongs to the creator of the materials or their heirs. The researcher has full responsibility for determining copyright status, locating copyright holders, and abiding by current copyright laws when publishing or displaying copies of Special Collections material in print or electronic form. For more information, consult the appropriate librarian.

Photocopy decisions will be made by Special Collection staff on a case-by-case basis. Patrons are responsible for obtaining permission to publish from copyrights holders.

Preferred Citation: Joseph S. Cullinan Papers. Courtesy of Special Collection, University of Houston Libraries.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Box 3],
[Box 4],
[Box 5],
[Box 6],
[Box 7],
[Box 8],
[Box 9],
[Box 10],
[Box 11],
[Box 12],
[Box 13],
[Box 14],
[Box 15],
[Box 16],
[Box 17],
[Box 18],
[Box 19],
[Box 20],
[Box 21],
[Box 22],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[Box 25],
[Box 26],
[Box 27],
[Box 28],
[Box 29],
[Box 30],
[Box 31],
[Box 32],
[Box 33],
[Box 34],
[Box 35],
[Box 36],
[Box 37],
[Box 38],
[Box 39],
[Box 40],
[Box 41],
[Box 42],
[Box 43],
[Box 44],
[Box 45],
[Box 46],
[Box 47],
[Box 48],
[Box 49],
[Box 50],
[Box 51],
[Box 52],
[Box 53],
[Box 54],
[Box 55],
[Box 56],
[Box 57],
[Box 58],
[Box 59],
[Box 60],
[Box 61],
[Box 62],
[Box 63],
[Box 64],
[Box 65],
[Box 66],
[Box 67],
[Box 68],
[Box 69],
[Box 70],
[All]

Box 18
Folder 1: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1923
Folder 2: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1924
Folder 3: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1925
Folder 4: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1926
Folder 5: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1927
Folder 6: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1928
Folder 7: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1929
Folder 8: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1930
Folder 9: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1931
Folder 10: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1932
Folder 11: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1933
Folder 12: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1934
Folder 13: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1935
Folder 14: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1936 (1 of 2)
Folder 15: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1936 (2 of 2)
Folder 16: Cullinan's Shadyside Residence, 1937
Folder 17: Houston Negro Hospital, 1923-25
Folder 18: Houston Negro Hospital, January - May, 1926 (1 of 2)
Folder 19: Houston Negro Hospital, January - May, 1926 (2 of 2)
Folder 20: Houston Negro Hospital, June - Dec., 1926

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Box 3],
[Box 4],
[Box 5],
[Box 6],
[Box 7],
[Box 8],
[Box 9],
[Box 10],
[Box 11],
[Box 12],
[Box 13],
[Box 14],
[Box 15],
[Box 16],
[Box 17],
[Box 18],
[Box 19],
[Box 20],
[Box 21],
[Box 22],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[Box 25],
[Box 26],
[Box 27],
[Box 28],
[Box 29],
[Box 30],
[Box 31],
[Box 32],
[Box 33],
[Box 34],
[Box 35],
[Box 36],
[Box 37],
[Box 38],
[Box 39],
[Box 40],
[Box 41],
[Box 42],
[Box 43],
[Box 44],
[Box 45],
[Box 46],
[Box 47],
[Box 48],
[Box 49],
[Box 50],
[Box 51],
[Box 52],
[Box 53],
[Box 54],
[Box 55],
[Box 56],
[Box 57],
[Box 58],
[Box 59],
[Box 60],
[Box 61],
[Box 62],
[Box 63],
[Box 64],
[Box 65],
[Box 66],
[Box 67],
[Box 68],
[Box 69],
[Box 70],
[All]

Page Generated in: 0.609 seconds (using 384 queries).
Using 4.68MB of memory. (Peak of 5.05MB.)

Powered by Archon Version 3.21 rev-2
Copyright ©2012 The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign