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Alonso S. Perales Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Finding Aid/Inventory

Personal Papers

General Correspondence

Nicaraguan Consular Service

Aricna-Tacna Compromise

League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America

National Foreign Trade Council

Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens

Additional Civil Service

Law Firm

Religious Interests

Perales Original Works

Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles

Marta Pérez de Perales Papers

Original Works by other individuals

Periodicals and Publications

Scrapbooks

Artifacts



Contact us about this collection

Alonso S. Perales Papers, 1898-1991 | University of Houston Libraries

By Kristen McAlear and Nicolás Kanellos

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Collection Overview

Title: Alonso S. Perales Papers, 1898-1991

ID: 04/2010-002

Primary Creator: Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960

Extent: 17.0 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 00/00/2009

Subjects: Comité contra el Racismo, Committee of One Hundred Citizens, League of Loyal Citizens, League of United Latin American Citizens, Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960, Perales, Marta Pérez de

Forms of Material: Blueprints (reprographic copies), Books, Brochures, Clippings (information artifacts), Correspondence, Manuscripts (document genre), Offprints, Periodicals, Photographs, Scrapbooks, Typescripts

Languages: English, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Containing 17 series and housed in 14 boxes, this collection documents the life and work of Alonso S. Perales and, to a lesser degree, that of his wife, Marta Pérez de Perales. The collection also contains the correspondence with Perales by noteworthy civil rights leaders as J. T. Canales, Dr. Carlos Castañeda, José Luz Saenz, Mauro Machado, George I. Sánchez and Adela Sloss de Vento. The Alonso S. Perales Papers also contain the organizational papers for the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens and various other civil rights organizations. Perales’ journalism, essays, speeches and radio addresses are represented on hundreds of pages of typescript, at times with marginalia. His published materials include books, pamphlets and thousands of newspaper columns and letters to the editor. The collection also includes onionskin copies of typewritten letters from Perales to recipients, including community leaders, national and state politicians, and their typewritten letters responding to him. An extensive newspaper clipping file and full pages of newspapers from around Texas that carried his writing are also conserved in this collection. A particularly interesting chapter in the Perales documentation corresponds to his service as Consul for Nicaragua in San Antonio, during which he seems to have forged a strong relationship with Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza. Also included is a rich collection of personal and business photographs, many of which have been identified, and important memorabilia, such as awards, certificates and citations given to Mr. Perales.

Related Materials:

Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales)

Alsono S. Perales Papers Microfilm: Catalog listing (http://library.uh.edu/search~S11?/eMicrofilm+2309/emicrofilm+2309/-3,-1,0,B/exact&FF=emicrofilm+2309&1,22)

Biographical Note

Alonso S. Perales, civil-rights lawyer and diplomat, was born on Oct. 17, 1898, to Susana Sandoval and Nicolas Perales in Alice, Texas. His father died when he was six years old and his mother when he was 12, leaving him an orphan. He worked laying railroad ties and picking cotton to put himself through high school and college. Later, Perales was drafted into the United States Army during World War I. After the war, Perales received an honorable discharge and moved to Washington D.C. to work with the U.S. Commerce Department. Perales eventually enrolled at George Washington University, receiving his B.A. He then attended the National University where he received his Law degree in 1926.

Perales married Marta Pérez y Peña, a bookstore owner, and they eventually adopted a daughter and two sons. In the 1920s and 1930s he went on thirteen diplomatic missions to the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Nicaragua, Mexico, Chile, and the West Indies. In particular he was Legal Advisor to the United States Electoral Mission in Nicaragua in 1928, 1930 and 1932 and was one of the attorneys on General John J. Pershing’s staff for the Tacna-Arica Arbitration Commision in 1925-1926. He served as Consul General of Nicaragua in San Antonio, Texas and in 1945 he served as legal counsel to the Nicaraguan delegation at the United Nations conference. He also served under the Dwight D. Eisenhower administration.

From the 1920s until his death, Perales remained a prominent political leader, particularly as a defender of Mexican-American civil rights. As such he participated in various Civil Rights organizations and was one of the founders of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) in 1929. Along with José Tomás Canales and Eduardo Idar, he helped write the LULAC constitution and served as the organization’s second president in 1930, organizing Council 16 in San Antonio. As president of LULAC one of Perales greatest accomplishments was the successful defeat of the Box Immigration Bill in 1930 which would have put a quota on Mexican immigration to the United States. His other civic activities included founding the Independent Voters Association, a Mexican-American political club in San Antonio, introducing legislation calling for the prohibition of racial discrimination, and membership in other religious and civil rights organizations. For his civic activities he was decorated by Spain with the “Medal of Civil Merit”, one of the nation’s highest civil honors.

Perales published numerous essays, speeches and two books: Are we good neighbors? which documents cases of racial discrimination, and the two volume En defensa de mi raza which compiles many of his essays and speeches on racial discrimination and those of other intellectuals. Also a regular columnist for La Prensa and other Spanish language newspapers, he published columns entitled “Arquitectos de nuestros propios destinos” which spoke of Mexican-American civil rights issues and “Por mi religión” which presents issues related to the Catholic Church.

Alonso S. Perales died on May 9, 1960. In 1977 the Alonso S. Perales Elementary School in Edgewood ISD was dedicated on the west side of San Antonio, and in 1990 the national LULAC convention in Albuquerque paid tribute to him.

Subject/Index Terms

Comité contra el Racismo
Committee of One Hundred Citizens
League of Loyal Citizens
League of United Latin American Citizens
Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960
Perales, Marta Pérez de

Administrative Information

Repository: University of Houston Libraries

Access Restrictions: Open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Permission to publish or reprint these materials must be requested from Arte Público Press at https://artepublicopress.com/permissions/.

Special Collections owns the physical items in our collections, but copyright normally belongs to the creator of the materials or his/her heirs or Arte Público Press. The researcher has full responsibility for determining copyright status, locating copyright holders, and abiding by current copyright laws when publishing or displaying copies of Special Collections material in print or electronic form.

Acquisition Source: Donated to the Recovering the US Hispanic Literary Heritage Project (https://artepublicopress.com/recovery-project/) by Alonso S. Perales' daughter Marta Carrizales and son Raymond Perales.

Related Materials:

Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales)

Alsono S. Perales Papers Microfilm Catalog listing (http://library.uh.edu/search~S11?/eMicrofilm+2309/emicrofilm+2309/-3,-1,0,B/exact&FF=emicrofilm+2309&1,22)

Preferred Citation: Alonso S. Perales Papers. Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries.

Processing Information: Nicolás Kanellos, Carolina Villarroel, Gabriela Baeza Ventura, Norma Mouton, Cristelia Pérez, Miguel Kanellos, Kristen McAlear and the research assistants at the Recovering the U. S. Hispanic Literary Heritage Program.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal Papers],
[Series 2: General Correspondence],
[Series 3: Nicaraguan Consular Service],
[Series 4: Aricna-Tacna Compromise],
[Series 5: League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America],
[Series 6: National Foreign Trade Council],
[Series 7: Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens],
[Series 8: Additional Civil Service],
[Series 9: Law Firm],
[Series 10: Religious Interests],
[Series 11: Perales Original Works],
[Series 12: Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles],
[Series 13: Marta Pérez de Perales Papers],
[Series 14: Original Works by other individuals],
[Series 15: Periodicals and Publications],
[Series 16: Scrapbooks],
[Series 17: Artifacts],
[All]

Series 5: League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America
This series contains 45 folders housed in 2 boxes. It contains 2 subseries, General Lulac information and LULAC correspondence. This series details the foundation of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), a civil rights group dedicated to combating discrimination against Latin Americans in the United States. It was founded Feb. 17, 1929 in Corpus Christi. Alonso Perales was one of the founding members of LULAC and also served as the organization’s second president.
Sub-Series 1: LULAC - General
This subseries contains 16 folders housed in 2 boxes, organized thematically. It contains organizational information about LULAC, press releases and newsletters. It contains materials dated from 1929 to 1957 and many undated items.
Box 3
Folder 35: LULAC Bylaws
Folder 36: LULAC History
Folder 37: LULAC History 2
Folder 38: LULAC Conventions
Folder 39: LULAC Manuscripts
Folder 40: LULAC Resolutions
Folder 41: LULAC Speeches
Folder 42: LULAC Council #16 San Antonio
Box 4
Folder 1: LULAC Ladies’ Councils
Folder 2: LULAC Legislative Bills
Folder 3: LULAC Miscellaneous
Folder 4: LULAC News, San Antonio, Sep - Nov, 1931, Feb 1932, April - May 1932, Oct 1932, Jan 1933, Mar 1934
Folder 5: LULAC News, El Paso, Dec 1936, Mar 1937, Oct 1937, Jun 1938, Aug 1938, Aug 1939
Folder 6: LULAC News, Sep 1953, Nov 1953, Jan 1954, Aug 1954, Feb 1955, Mar 1957, Mar 1958
Folder 7: LULAC News Laredo, Tx., Jun 1947, Dec 1955
Folder 8: LULAC News Houston, Tx., Jul 1957
Sub-Series 2: LULAC Correspondence
This subseries contains 28 folders housed in 2 boxes, organized alphabetically. It contains correspondence directly related to LULAC, its foundation, members and civic involvement. It contains documents dating from 1927 – 1960.
Box 4
Folder 9: Correspondence Allen - Brown
Item 1: Allen, Federico, Jun 30 - Nov. 9, 1927
Item 2: Anderson, Charles W., Oct. 6, 1941 - Oct. 10, 1941
Item 3: Anonymous, undated
Item 4: Austin, Roberto E., Jan. 8, 1932-Aug. 5, 1954
Item 5: Barrera, Luis, Oct. 2, 1927 - Jun 19, 1933
Item 6: Barrientes, Candelario U., May 31, 1933 - May 8, 1938
Item 7: Basánez Rocha, Carlos, Aug. 10 - Sep. 17, 1927
Item 8: Benitez, Joe, Jun 14 - 20, 1974
Item 9: Bing Crosby Enterprises, Feb. 4, 1954
Item 10: Brewster, D. W.,, Sep. 26, 1927
Item 11: Brown, John W., Nov. 28 - 30, 1936
Folder 10: Correspondence Canales, J. T., 1925 - 1933
Folder 11: Correspondence Canales, J. T., 1933 - 1942
Folder 12: Correspondence Canales, J. T., 1945 - 1960
Folder 13: Correspondence Castañeda, Carlos E., Dec. 24, 1943-Oct. 25, 1957
Folder 14: Correspondence Contreras, Hernán H., Apr 2, 1934 - Aug. 7, 1950
Folder 15: Correspondence Calderón - Cruz
Item 2: Canamar, Henry, Mar 20, 1934
Item 3: Carssow, William B., Jan. 14-Feb. 17, 1937
Item 4: Castro, Román, Oct. 23, 1927
Item 5: Chávez, Luis M., Sep. 15, 1927 - Aug. 20, 1927
Item 6: Cochran, J. C., May 4, 1934
Item 7: Contreras, Hernán H., Apr 2, 1934 - Aug. 7, 1950
Item 8: Cotton, Thomas L., Mar 30, 1931
Item 9: Councils of the League of Latin-American Citizens, Dec 3 - 23, 1927
Item 10: Cruz, Alejandro, Jun 29 – Aug. 8, 1927
Folder 16: Correspondence Escobar, E., Aug. 24, 1927 - May 23, 1932
Folder 17: Correspondence Davis -Figueroa
Item 1: Davis, Herbert L., Nov. 29 - Dec. 15, 1933
Item 2: Duran y Cartajal, A., Feb. 16, 1937
Item 3: Dominguez, A. A., Jun 5, 1946
Item 4: Dwyer, Pat, Mar. 21, 1941
Item 5: Editor, San Antonio Express, May 1, 1931
Item 6: Editor, San Antonio Express, May 3, 1933
Item 7: Fairbanks, Ellie S., Nov. 30, 1939
Item 8: Felty, Fred, May 1, 1939
Item 9: Fern, George H., Apr. 3, 1934
Item 10: Flores, Isidoro, Mar. 15, 1936
Item 11: Figueroa, Armando, Oct. 18, 1946
Folder 18: Correspondence Garza, Ben, Jul. 26, 1927 – Jul. 30, 1937
Folder 19: Correspondence García, Gustavo S., Jul. 23 - Nov. 30, 1927
Folder 20: Correspondence Galvan -- Guerra
Item 1: Galvan, Frank, J., Oct. 8, 1936
Item 2: García, Felipe, Aug. 31 - Sep. 2, 1927
Item 3: García, Hector P., Jun 4 - Dec. 17, 1951
Item 4: García, O. B., Oct. 8, 1933
Item 5: García, R. G., undated
Item 6: Gardner, Fletcher, May 11, 1934
Item 7: Garza, Adolfo de la, Jun 18, 1937
Item 8: Garza, Eligio de la, Aug. 20, 1927
Item 9: Garza, Pilar, Nov. 16, 1933
Item 10: Garza, Richard M., undated
Item 11: Garza, Valentin J., Mar. 10 - Apr. 4, 1940
Item 12: Gerodetti, Orlando F., Jan. 15, 1935
Item 13: Gloria, Valente H.
Item 14: Gómez, Antonia, Nov. 30, 1933
Item 15: Gómez, Antonia, Dec. 11, 1933
Item 16: Gómez, José, Nov. 10-15, 1937
Item 17: Gómez, Modesto A., Dec. 8, 1945
Item 18: González, Enrique G., Apr. 26, 1933
Item 19: González, J. B., Jun 25, 1941
Item 20: González, Jacinto Jr., Aug. 17, 1927 - Sep. 23, 1927
Item 21: González, Manuel C., Apr. 14, 1932 - Feb. 5, 1945
Item 22: González, Paul, Oct. 12, 1927 - Oct. 8, 1927
Item 23: González, Sergio, Nov. 2, 1933
Item 24: Gutiérrez, P., Nov. 11, 1936
Item 25: Guerra, Diodoro, Sep. 22-Oct. 1, 1927
Item 26: Guerra, Manuel, Apr 9, 1934
Folder 21: Correspondence Herrera, Felipe A., Jul 20, 1927 - Jun 9, 1928
Folder 22: Correspondence Herrera, I. D. – Hinojosa
Item 1: Herrera, I. D., undated
Item 2: Herrera, John J., Jan. 19, 1952
Item 3: Hinojosa, Federico Allen, Sep. 9, 1927
Item 4: Hinojosa, Maximiliano, Aug. 10, 1928
Folder 23: Correspondence Idar, Clemente N., Sep. 10 - Dec. 30, 1927
Folder 24: Correspondence Idar, Eduardo, May 10, 1927 - Jun 6, 1951
Folder 25: Correspondence Johnston -- Luna
Item 1: Johnston, H., Jun 16 - Oct. 17, 1933
Item 2: Juárez, Francisco V., Feb. 29, 1944
Item 3: Laurel, E. V., May 16-Jun 12, 1932
Item 4: Ledwig, F. J., Oct. 7, 1939
Item 5: Leftin, J. C., Apr. 13, 1931
Item 6: Legion Americana, Aug. 14, 1928
Item 7: Leonard, Homer, Jan. 20, 1937
Item 8: Liga de Ciudadanos Unidos Latinoamericanos, Jan. 15,  1935
Item 9: Longoria, J. M., Jun 10, 1933
Item 10: Lopez, Eduardo, Oct. 24, 1933
Item 11: Lozano, Ignacio E., Jan. 4 - 10, 1935
Item 12: Lozano Esquire, Ruben R., Sep 10, 1927-Dec 20, 1928
Item 13: Lozano, Santos V. Jr., Apr. 7, 1934
Item 14: Lucas, P. G., Oct. 15, 1936
Item 15: Luna, A. de, Oct. 14, 1927-Mar. 18, 1932
Folder 26: Correspondence Longoria, Eugenio V., Nov. 20 - Dec. 9, 1927
Folder 27: Correspondence Luz Saenz, J. de la, 1927 - 1931
Folder 28: Correspondence Luz Saenz, J. de la, 1933 - 1953
Folder 29: Correspondence Machado, Mauro. M., Dec. 19, 1926 - Jan. 25, 1960
Folder 30: Correspondence Machuca, J. C., Apr 9, 1934 – Feb. 2, 1954
Folder 31: Correspondence Moreno, L. P., Feb. 7, 1938 - Mar 8, 1938
Folder 32: Correspondence Manuel – Quinn
Item 1: Manuel, H. T., Feb. 15, 1933 - Oct. 24, 1938
Item 2: Manuel, Dorothy B., Nov. 30, 1928
Item 3: Maverick-Clarke Manufacturing Stationers, Jan. 15, 1945
Item 4: McDaniel, C. C., Jan. 30, 1931
Item 5: McKnight, J. B., Aug. 2 - 25, 1937
Item 6: Menefee, R. S., Jan. 10, 1935
Item 7: Mireles, E. E., Dec. 2, 1933
Item 8: Montalvo, N. R., Oct. 19, 1927
Item 9: Montemayor, F. I., Nov. 17, 1936
Item 10: Neal, J., Jan. 20, 1937
Item 11: Orozco, Alfonso A., Mar. 4, 1945
Item 12: Ortiz, Victor, May 2, 1933
Item 13: Paz, Santos de la, Mar. 10, 1952
Item 14: Peña, E. E., May 16, 1930
Item 15: Pérez, Francisco, Feb. 14, 1927
Item 16: Pérez Alvarez, Casimiro, Mar. 10, 1932
Item 17: Quezada, Rubén G., Jan. 15, 1937
Item 18: Quinn, C. K., Nov. 28 – Dec, 2, 1936
Folder 33: Correspondence Ramírez -- Ross
Item 1: Ramírez, Leobardo G., Sep. 6, 1928 - May 12, 1930
Item 2: Reader, R. L., Jan. 7, 1937
Item 3: Recio, Federico, Nov. 3, 1927
Item 5: Rico, Walter H., Aug. 23-Sep. 20, 1940
Item 6: Riojas G., R., Oct. 20-Nov. 8, 1944
Item 7: Rocha, C. B., Aug. 11-29, 1927
Item 8: Rodríguez, Joe Q., Oct. 3, 1940
Item 9: Rodriguez, Tomas M., Mar. 24,1937
Item 10: Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, Mar. 10, 1944
Item 11: Ross, Malcolm, Nov. 30, 1943
Folder 34: Correspondence  Saenz, Alfredo -- Troutz
Item 1: Saenz, Alfredo, Aug. 9 - 14, 1957
Item 2: Scoy, L., Jan. 16, 1952
Item 3: Sendejo, Jesus
Item 4: Sexton, Harry L., May 30 - Jun 2, 1932
Item 5: Sloss Vento, Adela, Jun 20, 1974
Item 6: Stubsman, I. E., Apr. 20, 1940
Item 7: Tijerina, Félix, Mar 23, 1957, Feb. 27, 1957
Item 8: Treviño, Conrado N., Oct. 8, 1940
Item 9: Treviño, Manuel G., Oct. 14, 1924
Item 10: Troutz, C. E., Sep. 9, 1933
Folder 35: Correspondence Tafolla, James, Aug 25 - Oct 12, 1927
Folder 36: Correspondence Wassell -- Zamora
Item 2: Wassell, George W.,, Oct. 5-Nov.30, 1953
Item 3: Welles, Sumner, Nov. 16, 1944
Item 4: Winterich, John T., Aug. 14, 1928
Item 5: Williams, Irene, Dec. 2, 1943
Item 6: Woods, L. A., State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Feb. 18 – Mar 7, 1938
Item 7: Ximenes, Fernando, Mar. 10, 1932
Item 8: Zamora, Arnulfo, May 24 - Dec. 27, 1933
Folder 37: Correspondence Unidentified letters

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal Papers],
[Series 2: General Correspondence],
[Series 3: Nicaraguan Consular Service],
[Series 4: Aricna-Tacna Compromise],
[Series 5: League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America],
[Series 6: National Foreign Trade Council],
[Series 7: Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens],
[Series 8: Additional Civil Service],
[Series 9: Law Firm],
[Series 10: Religious Interests],
[Series 11: Perales Original Works],
[Series 12: Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles],
[Series 13: Marta Pérez de Perales Papers],
[Series 14: Original Works by other individuals],
[Series 15: Periodicals and Publications],
[Series 16: Scrapbooks],
[Series 17: Artifacts],
[All]

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