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Alonso S. Perales Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Finding Aid/Inventory

Personal Papers

General Correspondence

Nicaraguan Consular Service

Aricna-Tacna Compromise

League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America

National Foreign Trade Council

Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens

Additional Civil Service

Law Firm

Religious Interests

Perales Original Works

Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles

Marta Pérez de Perales Papers

Original Works by other individuals

Periodicals and Publications

Scrapbooks

Artifacts



Contact us about this collection

Alonso S. Perales Papers, 1898-1991 | University of Houston Libraries

By Kristen McAlear and Nicolás Kanellos

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Collection Overview

Title: Alonso S. Perales Papers, 1898-1991

ID: 04/2010-002

Primary Creator: Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960

Extent: 17.0 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 00/00/2009

Subjects: Comité contra el Racismo, Committee of One Hundred Citizens, League of Loyal Citizens, League of United Latin American Citizens, Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960, Perales, Marta Pérez de

Forms of Material: Blueprints (reprographic copies), Books, Brochures, Clippings (information artifacts), Correspondence, Manuscripts (document genre), Offprints, Periodicals, Photographs, Scrapbooks, Typescripts

Languages: English, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Containing 17 series and housed in 14 boxes, this collection documents the life and work of Alonso S. Perales and, to a lesser degree, that of his wife, Marta Pérez de Perales. The collection also contains the correspondence with Perales by noteworthy civil rights leaders as J. T. Canales, Dr. Carlos Castañeda, José Luz Saenz, Mauro Machado, George I. Sánchez and Adela Sloss de Vento. The Alonso S. Perales Papers also contain the organizational papers for the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens and various other civil rights organizations. Perales’ journalism, essays, speeches and radio addresses are represented on hundreds of pages of typescript, at times with marginalia. His published materials include books, pamphlets and thousands of newspaper columns and letters to the editor. The collection also includes onionskin copies of typewritten letters from Perales to recipients, including community leaders, national and state politicians, and their typewritten letters responding to him. An extensive newspaper clipping file and full pages of newspapers from around Texas that carried his writing are also conserved in this collection. A particularly interesting chapter in the Perales documentation corresponds to his service as Consul for Nicaragua in San Antonio, during which he seems to have forged a strong relationship with Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza. Also included is a rich collection of personal and business photographs, many of which have been identified, and important memorabilia, such as awards, certificates and citations given to Mr. Perales.

Related Materials:

Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales)

Alsono S. Perales Papers Microfilm: Catalog listing (http://library.uh.edu/search~S11?/eMicrofilm+2309/emicrofilm+2309/-3,-1,0,B/exact&FF=emicrofilm+2309&1,22)

Biographical Note

Alonso S. Perales, civil-rights lawyer and diplomat, was born on Oct. 17, 1898, to Susana Sandoval and Nicolas Perales in Alice, Texas. His father died when he was six years old and his mother when he was 12, leaving him an orphan. He worked laying railroad ties and picking cotton to put himself through high school and college. Later, Perales was drafted into the United States Army during World War I. After the war, Perales received an honorable discharge and moved to Washington D.C. to work with the U.S. Commerce Department. Perales eventually enrolled at George Washington University, receiving his B.A. He then attended the National University where he received his Law degree in 1926.

Perales married Marta Pérez y Peña, a bookstore owner, and they eventually adopted a daughter and two sons. In the 1920s and 1930s he went on thirteen diplomatic missions to the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Nicaragua, Mexico, Chile, and the West Indies. In particular he was Legal Advisor to the United States Electoral Mission in Nicaragua in 1928, 1930 and 1932 and was one of the attorneys on General John J. Pershing’s staff for the Tacna-Arica Arbitration Commision in 1925-1926. He served as Consul General of Nicaragua in San Antonio, Texas and in 1945 he served as legal counsel to the Nicaraguan delegation at the United Nations conference. He also served under the Dwight D. Eisenhower administration.

From the 1920s until his death, Perales remained a prominent political leader, particularly as a defender of Mexican-American civil rights. As such he participated in various Civil Rights organizations and was one of the founders of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) in 1929. Along with José Tomás Canales and Eduardo Idar, he helped write the LULAC constitution and served as the organization’s second president in 1930, organizing Council 16 in San Antonio. As president of LULAC one of Perales greatest accomplishments was the successful defeat of the Box Immigration Bill in 1930 which would have put a quota on Mexican immigration to the United States. His other civic activities included founding the Independent Voters Association, a Mexican-American political club in San Antonio, introducing legislation calling for the prohibition of racial discrimination, and membership in other religious and civil rights organizations. For his civic activities he was decorated by Spain with the “Medal of Civil Merit”, one of the nation’s highest civil honors.

Perales published numerous essays, speeches and two books: Are we good neighbors? which documents cases of racial discrimination, and the two volume En defensa de mi raza which compiles many of his essays and speeches on racial discrimination and those of other intellectuals. Also a regular columnist for La Prensa and other Spanish language newspapers, he published columns entitled “Arquitectos de nuestros propios destinos” which spoke of Mexican-American civil rights issues and “Por mi religión” which presents issues related to the Catholic Church.

Alonso S. Perales died on May 9, 1960. In 1977 the Alonso S. Perales Elementary School in Edgewood ISD was dedicated on the west side of San Antonio, and in 1990 the national LULAC convention in Albuquerque paid tribute to him.

Subject/Index Terms

Comité contra el Racismo
Committee of One Hundred Citizens
League of Loyal Citizens
League of United Latin American Citizens
Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960
Perales, Marta Pérez de

Administrative Information

Repository: University of Houston Libraries

Access Restrictions: Open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Permission to publish or reprint these materials must be requested from Arte Público Press at https://artepublicopress.com/permissions/.

Special Collections owns the physical items in our collections, but copyright normally belongs to the creator of the materials or his/her heirs or Arte Público Press. The researcher has full responsibility for determining copyright status, locating copyright holders, and abiding by current copyright laws when publishing or displaying copies of Special Collections material in print or electronic form.

Acquisition Source: Donated to the Recovering the US Hispanic Literary Heritage Project (https://artepublicopress.com/recovery-project/) by Alonso S. Perales' daughter Marta Carrizales and son Raymond Perales.

Related Materials:

Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales)

Alsono S. Perales Papers Microfilm Catalog listing (http://library.uh.edu/search~S11?/eMicrofilm+2309/emicrofilm+2309/-3,-1,0,B/exact&FF=emicrofilm+2309&1,22)

Preferred Citation: Alonso S. Perales Papers. Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries.

Processing Information: Nicolás Kanellos, Carolina Villarroel, Gabriela Baeza Ventura, Norma Mouton, Cristelia Pérez, Miguel Kanellos, Kristen McAlear and the research assistants at the Recovering the U. S. Hispanic Literary Heritage Program.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal Papers],
[Series 2: General Correspondence],
[Series 3: Nicaraguan Consular Service],
[Series 4: Aricna-Tacna Compromise],
[Series 5: League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America],
[Series 6: National Foreign Trade Council],
[Series 7: Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens],
[Series 8: Additional Civil Service],
[Series 9: Law Firm],
[Series 10: Religious Interests],
[Series 11: Perales Original Works],
[Series 12: Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles],
[Series 13: Marta Pérez de Perales Papers],
[Series 14: Original Works by other individuals],
[Series 15: Periodicals and Publications],
[Series 16: Scrapbooks],
[Series 17: Artifacts],
[All]

Series 15: Periodicals and Publications
This series contains 55 folders housed in 2 boxes. These are periodicals and publications from Alonso S. Perales and Marta Perales’s personal library, and range in date from 1923 – 1976.
Box 10
Folder 21: Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios. Monterrey, 1950
Item 1: Lozano, José. “El comercio en Centro América” Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Feb. 1950
Item 2: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel. “Medio siglo en la forja.” Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Feb. 1950
Item 3: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel. “El banco de México y el patrimonio de la nación” Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Dec. 1950
Folder 22: Actividad: Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios. Monterrey, 1952-1956
Item 1: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel. “Ante un deber nacional que cumplir.”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Dec. 1955
Item 2: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel. “A propósito del 12 de diciembre México y la libertad” Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Mar. 1956
Item 3: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel. “El espíritu de México en “Fort Worth” y Dallas”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Jan. 1956
Folder 23: Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios. Monterrey, 1957-1958
Item 1: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “La independencia norteamericana – 4 de Julio de 1776 –”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Aug. 1958
Item 2: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “Archivos y colecciones mexicanas Centro y Sud americanas en Texas.”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Dec. 1957
Item 3: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “Las calaveras de San Antonio, Texas. ”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Nov 10, 1957
Item 4: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “Constituciones de México.”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Jun. 1957
Item 5: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “Vida cultural México – Estados Unidos. ”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, May 1957
Item 6: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “Generación de abogados 1929-1933 XXV Aniversario ”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Dec. 1958
Folder 24: Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios. Monterrey, 1959-1960
Item 1: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “El puerto de Tampico, Tamaulipas. – Datos históricos --”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Apr. 1960
Item 2: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “Lincoln y los derechos del trabajador.”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Oct. 1959
Item 3: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel “ Heroinas de la independencia. ”Actividad Revista Mensual para el hombre de negocios, Jan. 1959
Folder 25: Alma Latina. San Antonio, Texas, Apr. 1932
Item 1: Gonzales, M. C. “The future of our League depends on how seriously we conduct it’s Business” Alma Latina Vol. 1 No. 3
Item 2: Perales Biography, translation to Spanish from “Who’s who of the American Electoral Mission in Nicaragua.” Alma Latina Vol. 1 No. 3
Folder 26: “Jack Danciger, precursor de la devolución de las banderas a México” Almanaque. Inter-Nos, 1951
Folder 27: Azul.  Nicaragua (Issue about Anastacio Somoza’s  assasination. Azul. 1956 ), Oct 1956; Mar-Apr 1957
Folder 28: Boletín (The Municipal Digest of the Americas)  La Habana, Cuba, Jun 1944, Aug 1944
Folder 29: Boletín Hacendario de Nicaragua, Nov-Dec 1952
Folder 30: La Calavera. San Antonio, Texas, 1942, 1945, 1949
Item 1: Calavera Poem honoring Alonso S. Perales. La Calavera, Nov. 1942
Item 2: Calavera Poem honoring Manuel Pacheco Moreno. La Calavera, Nov 1945
Item 3: Calavera Poem honoring Ignacio E. Lozano. La Calavera, Nov 1945
Item 4: Calavera Poems honoring Jesús and Netty Rodriguez, with photos. La
Item 5: Calavera, Nov. 1945
Item 6: Calavera Poem honoring Alonso S. Perales. La Calavera, Nov.  1945
Item 7: Calavera Poem honoring Manuel Pacheco Moreno La Calavera, Nov 1949
Item 8: Calavera Poem honoring Ignacio E. Lozano. La Calavera, Nov 1949
Item 9: Calavera Poems honoring Jesús and Netty Rodriguez. La Calavera, Nov. 1949
Item 10: Calavera Poem honoring Alonso S. Perales. La Calavera, Nov. 1949
Folder 31: Cifras y comentarios. Managua, Nicaragua, 1959
Folder 32: Comercio Internacional. Organo Oficial de la Asociación de Importadores de la República Mexicana, Oct 1954
Folder 33: “Prominent Texas attorney secures further honors” Commerce and Industry Magazine New York, Nov 1934
Folder 34: Cultura Bíblica. Madrid, Dec 1949, Jan. 1950, Mar 1950
Folder 35: El Desarrollo Económico Nicaraguense. Managua, Nicaragua, Aug 1954
Folder 36: El Economista. Organo del Instituto de Estudios Económicos y Sociales. Mexico (2 copies), Mar 1939
Box 11
Folder 1: The Emancipator.  San Antonio, Texas, Jun 1950
Folder 2: Erial. Organo de Difusión Cultural de Guardias Presidenciales. México, Sep 1944
Item 1: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel. “Eisenhower: El soldado que renunció a la gloria” Erial. Organo de Difusión Cultural de Guardias Presidenciales. México, Sep 1944
Item 2: Pacheco Moreno, Manuel. “Los oficiales de estado mayor y su labor.” Erial. Organo de Difusión Cultural de Guardias Presidenciales. México, Sep 1944
Folder 3: Estadística. Nicaragua, Sep 1944 Dec 1944
Folder 4: El Faro. Panamá, Colón, Aug-Sep 1952
Folder 5: La Familia. México, Jun 1944
Folder 6: Fraternidad. Organo del Comité Mexicano contra el Racismo. México, D. F., Aug 1944, Sep 1944, Dec 1944, Feb. 1945, Jun 1945, Sep 1945, Jan. and Feb.
Item 1: Perales, Alonso S. “Roosevelt desea que no haya discrimación alguna” Fraternidad. Organo del Comité Mexicano contra el Racismo, Sep 1, 1944
Item 2: “Proyecto Aprobado” Organo del Comité Mexicano contra el Racismo (See also Comité contra el racismo), Mar 1, 1945
Item 3: “Actividades del comité” Organo del Comité Mexicano contra el Racismo (See also Comité contra el racismo), Mar 1, 1945
Item 4: “The Facts about job discrimination” Fraternidad. Organo del Comité Mexicano contra el Racismo, Sep 1, 1945
Folder 7: Nicaragua Indígena. Organo del Instituto Indigenista Nacional. Managua, Nicaragua, Oct-Dec 1955, Jan-Jun 1957
Folder 8: Nuevos Rumbos. Nicaragua, Aug 1956
Folder 9: Overseas Graphic. Detroit, Michigan.
Folder 10: Pan-American. San Antonio, Texas, Dec 1928
Item 1: “Statement of Alonso S. Perales on the recent school board elections” The Pan American Magazine. Panamá. Dec 1928. Vol.1 No. 2
Folder 11: Secretaria Privada de la Presidencia de la republica de Nicaragua. Departmento de Informacion. Boletin No. 6. Managua, D. N., Jun 1948
Folder 12: The Pan American Magazine. Panamá, Colón, Dec 1928
Folder 13: Raíz. España en América. La Habana, Jan.-Feb. 1949
Folder 14: Revista Comercial de Nicaragua. Una revista para el Comercio y la Produccion. Nicaragua *move to Nicaragua section*, Oct 1942
Folder 15: Revista de Filosofia. Madrid, Jul-Sep 1949
Folder 16: Revista Latino-Americana. Mission, Texas, May, 1951. Apr 1952, Aug 1952, Dec 1952, May 1953
Item 1: Perales, Alonso S. “Está en peligro de fracasar el proyecto de Ley antidiscriminatorio” Revista Latino-Americana, May 1951
Item 2: Luz Saenz, J. “¿Qué pasa con nuestros hombres?” Revista Latino- Americana, May 1951
Item 3: The entire issue is devoted to Alonso S. Perales alter he received the Medal of Civil Merit from Spain, it includes articles by J. Luz Saenz, Adela S. de Vento, Gilberto Díaz
Item 4: Revista Latino-Americana, Apr. 1952
Item 5: Perales, Alonso S. “Preparación para un hogar feliz” Revista Latino-Americana, Aug. 1952
Item 6: “San Antonio de Bejar” (dedicated to Alonso Perales) Revista Latino-Americana, Aug. 1952
Item 7: “Otra honrosa distinción concedida al Lic. Don Alonso S. Perales” Revista Latino-Americana, Dec. 1952
Item 8: J.T. Canales issue. Revista Latino-Americana, May 1953
Item 9: Perales, Alonso S. “Nuestra evolución general.” Revista Latino- Americana, May 1953
Item 10: Díaz, Gilberto. “In memoriam: J Luz Saenz.” Revista Latino- Americana, May 1953
Folder 17: Revista Trimestral del Banco Nacional de Nicaragua, Jul-Sep/Oct-Dec 1947
Folder 18: Saludos. Revista de Buena Voluntad. New York, Apr. 1948
Folder 19: Speakers Magazine, Dec. 1950
Folder 20: Southwest Review (Contains a review of Are we Good Neighbors? by Alonso S. Perales), Spring 1949
Folder 21: Telegráfos. Revista Mensual Literaria Gráfica Social. Managua, Nicaragua, Apr 1943
Folder 22: Las Tremendas Calaveras. Suplemento Annual de la revista Cultural  “Cosmos”. San Antonio, Texas, Nov 1976
Folder 23: “El Lic. José T. Canales” La Verdad. Falfurrias, Tx, Jun 1935
Folder 24: Vida del Alma. México, D. F., Mar 1958
Folder 25: 1959 Vernon’s Texas Session Law Service 56th Legislature Regular Session. Laws 1959. Chapters 92-146, No. 3, April 27-May 7, 1959
Folder 26: Texas Bar Journal. Vol. 20 No.6, Jun 22, 1957
Folder 27: Case and Comment: The Lawyer’s magazine. Vol. 67, No. 2, Mar-April 1962
Folder 28: Central America and Mexico. Volume 1, No. 1-3, Jan, Apr, Nov 1953
Item 1: Cuadra, Pablo Antonio. “Robinson Crusoe… The adventurer and  the Conquistador: Notes for the study of Nicaraguan character.” Central America and Mexico. Volume 1, No. 1, Jan 1953
Item 2: Figueres, José. “Point four… A Latin American view.” Central America and Mexico. Volume 1, No. 2, Apr 1953
Item 3: Danciger, Jack. “A few thoughts about discrimination” Central  America and Mexico. Volume 1, No. 3, Nov 1953
Item 4: Castañeda, Carlos E. “Pan Americanism and world peace.”  Central America and Mexico. Volume 1, No. 3, Nov 1953
Folder 29: La Gaceta: Diario oficial. Managua, Nicaragua, 1928, 1947, 1950
Folder 30: La Gaceta: Diario oficial. Managua, Nicaragua No. 173-186, 1956
Folder 31: La Gaceta: Diario oficial. Managua, Nicaragua No. 187-197, 1956
Folder 32: Minute Man. Vol 4. No. 4, Oct 1, 1944
Folder 33: The Department of State bulletin. Vol. XVII. No. 440, Dec 7, 1947
Folder 34: Federal textbook on Citizenship: Our constitution and government, a home  study course. United States Government Printing office: Washington D.C., 1943
Folder 35: National Geographic. Vol. LVII. No. 5, May, 1930
Folder 36: Commission of inquiry and conciliation Bolivia and Paraguay, Mar. 13, 1929
Folder 37: The commonwealth: A forum for creation of public opinión. Vol. 5, No. 11, Nov. 1939
Folder 38: Pan American Union Publications
Item 1: Bulletin of the Pan American Union, Feb. 1923
Item 2: Bulletin of the Pan American Union, Mar. 1923
Item 3: Bulletin of the Pan American Union, Feb 1937
Item 4: Coffee. Pan American Union, 1952
Box 14
Folder 12: OVS Maverick, Maury. “Army Day Proclamation: Apr. 6, 1940 by the City of San Antonio”

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal Papers],
[Series 2: General Correspondence],
[Series 3: Nicaraguan Consular Service],
[Series 4: Aricna-Tacna Compromise],
[Series 5: League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)/Sons of America],
[Series 6: National Foreign Trade Council],
[Series 7: Committee of One Hundred Citizens and League of Loyal Citizens],
[Series 8: Additional Civil Service],
[Series 9: Law Firm],
[Series 10: Religious Interests],
[Series 11: Perales Original Works],
[Series 12: Newspaper Clippings and Saved Articles],
[Series 13: Marta Pérez de Perales Papers],
[Series 14: Original Works by other individuals],
[Series 15: Periodicals and Publications],
[Series 16: Scrapbooks],
[Series 17: Artifacts],
[All]

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