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Governor James V. Allred Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Finding Aid/Inventory

Personal

Practice of Law

District Attorney

Political Files

Attorney General

Governor

Practice of Law

Judge U.S. District Court

Clippings and Newspapers

Miscellaneous Publications

Appointment Books

Photographs, Memorabilia, and Miscellaneous



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Governor James V. Allred Papers, 1921-1970 | University of Houston Libraries

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Collection Overview

Title: Governor James V. Allred Papers, 1921-1970View associated digital content.

ID: 05/1967-001

Primary Creator: Allred, James V., 1899-1959

Extent: 234.0 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 00/00/1968

Subjects: Allred, James V., 1899-1959, Governors - Texas, Political campaigns - Texas

Forms of Material: Clippings (information artifacts), Correspondence

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The James V. Allred Collection consists of over 200 boxes of materials dating from 1853 to 1970, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1921 to 1959. The papers consist in large part of letters received by Allred, and of carbon copies of his replies. There are many copies of letters from other individuals as enclosures in letters addressed to Allred. In addition to the correspondence there are vast numbers of documents, drafts, reports, and other working papers relating to and reflecting Allred's activities as attorney, district attorney, attorney general, governor, judge, citizen, civic leader, churchman, and interested observer and participant in the political scene in Texas.

This collection is divided into twelve series: Personal, 1922-1959; Practice of Law, 1921-30; District Attorney, 1923-25; Political Files, 1926-58; Attorney General, 1931-1935; Governor, 1935-39; Practice of Law, 1942-49; Judge U.S. District Court, 1939-1942 and 1949-1959; Clippings and Newspapers, 1923-1970; Miscellaneous Publications, 1935-1947; Appointment Books, 1930-59; Photographs and Memorabilia. With the exception of the first series, which contains primarily biographical and personal materials, the series relate to Allred's career as a politician and lawyer. Series Two and Three document the early career of a lawyer in a small Texas city and reveal the activities of a man who obviously hoped to build a political rather than a legal career. Allred was a candidate for high office in his state six times, three for the office of attorney general, twice for the governorship, and once for a seat in the United States Senate. Four of these campaigns were successful.

Comprehensive, if not complete records of these campaigns are preserved in Series Four. They reveal the nature and extent of the resources and organization necessary to conduct a state wide political campaign, and also suggest the ways in which it was financed.

Especially noteworthy is the vast number of personal contacts that Allred made during his political career. He appeared in every large city in Texas, and in an innumerable number of smaller towns and villages. He replied to literally thousands of letters of approval from every corner of the state, and to people of all walks of life.

Allred established and maintained contacts with many of the prominent political leaders of his generation, not only in his state, but throughout the United States. The series relating to the years of the attorney generalship not only reflect the activities imposed by law, but also reveals the broad range of activities in which the incumbent has considerable room for initiative, which will keep him in the public eye. Wise utilization of a wider range of opportunities show how an ingenious man can acquire the prestige necessary for a successful campaign for the governorship.

The Sixth Series, Governor, covers the administrative duties inherent in the office of governor, but more importantly the materials document the wide variety of pressures under which the governor must operate. The letters addressed to him, especially the commendations and complaints, constitute a valuable source of information on public opinion on such matters as law enforcement, crime, liquor regulation, blue laws, gambling, the location of roads, and the impact of growing industrialization on a largely rural state.

The documents in the series relating to the years 1939 to 1942 and 1949 to 1959 throw considerable light on the administration of justice on the federal level in Texas. This collection of legal papers provides insight into how the duties and activities of the federal judiciary relate to individuals, especially those who are involved in drugs, illegal entry into the United States, and other matters covered by federal statutes.

These papers will enable a student of Texas history to document many of its economic, social, and political aspects during the years 1929 to 1959. Allred's correspondents include most prominent men in Texas politics during those years, including many leading lawyers and businessmen, a considerable number of celebrities, and such people on the national scene as Franklin D. Roosevelt, James A. Farley, John N. Garner, Lyndon Johnson, Tom Connally, Sam Rayburn, Cordell Hull, Eleanor Roosevelt, and James Roosevelt.

Related Materials:

Luis Marquez Photographs digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/p15195coll13)

Biographical Note

James V Allred was born in Bowie, Texas, on March 29, 1899 to Renne and Mary (Henson) Allred, Sr. He graduated from Bowie High School in 1917 and enrolled at Rice Institute (now Rice University), but withdrew for financial reasons. He served with the United States Immigration Service until his enlistment in the United States Navy during World War I. After the war Allred began the study of law as a clerk in a Wichita Falls law office. In 1921 he received an LL.B. from Cumberland University in Tennessee, and began practicing in Wichita Falls Texas. Allred married Joe Betsy Miller of Wichita Falls on June 20, 1927; they had three sons.

In 1923 Governor Pat M. Neff selected him to fill an unexpired term as district attorney for the Thirtieth Texas District, which included Wichita, Archer, and Young counties. In that office Allred earned a reputation as "the fighting district attorney" for his forthright opposition to the Ku Klux Klan. He was a candidate for the office of state attorney general in 1926 but was defeated by Claude Pollard in a close second-primary vote. In 1930 Allred won the race for the same position by defeating the incumbent, Robert Lee Bobbitt. As attorney general, Allred gained popular approval through a continuing campaign against monopolies and large businesses, and against the efforts of corporations to influence state taxation and fiscal policies.

His activities as attorney general, aided by the Depression-born distrust of large corporations, made him a logical candidate for the governorship of Texas in 1934. His principal Democratic opponents in 1934, both from Wichita Falls, were Tom F. Hunter, regarded as more liberal than the attorney general, and Charles C. McDonald, regarded as the candidate of the Ferguson faction. Allred gained a plurality in the first primary and defeated Hunter by 40,000 votes in the runoff. In addition to attempting to legislate his campaign proposals, the governor devoted this term to cooperating with federal programs designed to combat the Great Depression.

Several significant factors worked in Governor Allred's favor in the election of 1936. He had been commended highly by President Franklin D. Roosevelt for the state's cooperation and performance in the national recovery program, and that recognition had been a factor in causing the national Junior Chamber of Commerce to name Allred "Outstanding Young Man in America in 1935." Moreover, he had secured the enactment of many of his 1934 pledges to the voters of the state. As a result, he polled a majority of 52 percent in the first primary in a field of five candidates and won by a landslide in the general election of 1936.

Late in Allred's second term as governor, his nomination by President Roosevelt to a federal district judgeship was confirmed, and upon the completion of his gubernatorial term, he assumed his position on the bench. He resigned from the judgeship in 1942 to seek the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate, and after his defeat in that race by former Texas governor W. Lee O'Daniel he returned for a time to private law practice in Houston. Senator O'Daniel opposed Allred's appointment to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in 1943. In 1949 President Harry S. Truman returned Allred to the federal bench, where he remained until his death in 1959.

Biographical Timeline:

1890  Born, Bowie, Texas. Son of Renne and Marie Magdalone Henson Allred

1917  Graduated from Bowie High School 1918  Rice Institute, Houston, Texas (1 semester)

1918-1919  United States Navy

1921  LLB Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tennessee

1921-1926  Practiced law, Wichita Falls, Texas

1923-1925  District Attorney, Wichita Falls, Archer and Young counties

1926  Candidate for Attorney General of Texas

1926-1930  Practiced law in Wichita Falls, Texas

1927  Married Joe Betsy Miller of Wichita Falls, Texas

1931-1934  Attorney General of the state of Texas

1935-1939  Governor of Texas (2 terms)

1939-1942  Judge, United States District Court, Southern District of Texas

1942  Sought Democratic nomination to United States Senate

1942-1949  Practiced Law, Houston, Texas

1949-1959  Judge, United States District Court, Southern District of Texas

1959  Died in Laredo, Texas, and is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Wichita Falls, Texas

Sources:

“Allred, James Burr V.” The Handbook of Texas Online. http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/AA/fal42.html Accessed Tue Jun 10 12:26:50 US/Central 2003

Subject/Index Terms

Allred, James V., 1899-1959
Governors - Texas
Political campaigns - Texas

Administrative Information

Repository: University of Houston Libraries

Access Restrictions: Open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Special Collections owns the physical items in our collections, but copyright normally belongs to the creator of the materials or his/her heirs. The researcher has full responsibility for determining copyright status, locating copyright holders, and abiding by current copyright laws when publishing or displaying copies of Special Collections material in print or electronic form. For more information, consult the appropriate librarian.

Photocopy decisions will be made by Special Collections staff on a case-by-case basis. Patrons are responsible for obtaining permission to publish from copyright holders.

Acquisition Source: Donated by Mrs. James V. Allred, William David Allred, and Sam Houston Allred, 1968.

Related Materials: Luis Marquez Photographs digital collection (http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/p15195coll13)

Preferred Citation: Governor James V. Allred Papers, Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries.

Processing Information: Originally procssed by Dawson Phelps, 1971. Additional processing by Bobby Marlin 2002.

Finding Aid Revision History: This finding aid was encoding in EAD scripts by Archon system scripts from a SQL database source on.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal, 1922-1959],
[Series 2: Practice of Law, 1921-1930],
[Series 3: District Attorney, 1923-1925],
[Series 4: Political Files, 1926-1958],
[Series 5: Attorney General, 1931-1935],
[Series 6: Governor, 1935-1939],
[Series 7: Practice of Law, 1942-1949],
[Series 8: Judge U.S. District Court, 1939-1942 and 1949-1959],
[Series 9: Clippings and Newspapers, 1923-1970],
[Series 10: Miscellaneous Publications, 1935-1947],
[Series 11: Appointment Books, 1930-1959],
[Series 12: Photographs, Memorabilia, and Miscellaneous],
[All]

Series 12: Photographs, Memorabilia, and Miscellaneous
Sub-Series 1: Miscellaneous Material Collected by W.D. Allred
Box 207
Folder 1: Miscellaneous
Folder 2-3: Unlabeled Folder
Folder 4: Inc. Address of Renne Allred, Jr. at Fort Belknap, 1967
Folder 5: Unlabeled Folder
Folder 6: 1968
Folder 7: 1969
Folder 8: 1970
Folder 9: Dedication of the Allred Marker, July 10, 1970
Folder 10: Wichita Falls
Folder 11: Photographs, Given to W.D Allred by Robert Burck, Vice President, Branniff, July 13, 1971
Folder 12-13: 1972
Folder 14: Renne Allred, Jr., Katie Mae Deckard
Folder 15: Harry Jaffe Story, 1971
Folder 16: Miscellaneous
Box 208
Folder 1-3: Miscellaneous
Sub-Series 2: Numerous Materials That Seem to Have Been Renne Allred Jr.'s
Box 209
Folder 1-4: Unlabeled Folder
Folder 5: Envelope Labeled "Insurance Scandals" (Renne)
Folder 6: Bound Copy of "NTSU Oral History Collection" Number 23
Folder 7: Collier Murder Case Volume One
Folder 8: Collier Murder Case Volume Two
Folder 9: Collier Murder Case Volume Three
Folder 10: Unlabeled Folder with "Austin Repo"
Folder 11: Unlabeled Folder with 19620 Congressional Record
Folder 12: Unlabeled Folder with Harpers Magazine
Folder 13: Unlabeled Folder, Miscellaneous
Box 210
Folder 1: Inventory – U.S. Trust and Guaranty Company
Folder 2: U.S. Trust Master in Chancery
Folder 3: Josh H. Groce-Rudy Rice
Folder 4: U.S. Trust – General
Folder 5: S.B. Douglas vs. J. D. Wheeler
Folder 6: U.S. Trust
Folder 7: Master in Chancery
Folder 8: L.W. Blanchard
Folder 9: ICT Insurance Company Inventory – Renne Allred Jr.
Folder 10: Ben Jack Cage – Mexico City Statement
Folder 11: Year Enclosed Dec. 31, 1955
Folder 12: Year Ended Dec. 31, 1956
Folder 13: Dec. 31, 1952
Folder 14: Dec. 31, 1951
Folder 15: Dec. 31, 1950
Folder 16: May 24, 1950
Folder 17: $500,000.00 Jack Cage and Company Increase Capital
Folder 18: $400,000.00 Loan Republic, Dec. 31, 1954 Repaid, Jan. 5, 1955
Folder 19: $920,000.00 Loan Republic, Nov. 10, 1952
Folder 20: $250,000.00 Loan Rebublic, Dec. 31, 1952 Repaid, Jan. 2, 1953
Folder 21: $500,000.00 Loan to Jack Case and Company Republic, Dec. 5, 1953
Folder 22: Year Ended Dec. 31, 1953
Folder 23: Year Ended Dec. 31, 1954
Folder 24: $200,000.00 Loan Republic, June 30, 1954 Repaid, July 1, 1954
Folder 25: $250,000.00 Loan Mercantile, Sept. 21, 1955 Repaid, Oct. 5, 1955
Folder 26: $425,000.00 Loan Mercantile, Dec. 20, 1954 Repaid, Jan. 5, 1955
Folder 27: $500,000 Loan to B.J. Cage by Republic to Incorporate Continental Union, Aug. 4, 1952
Folder 28: $150,000 Loan Mercantile, Mar. 4, 1952
Folder 29: Increase ICT Stock $400,000-$600,000
Folder 30: $300,000 Loan Mercantile, Sept. 3, 1952 Repaid, Dec. 31, 1952?, $60,000.00 Loan
Folder 31: Incorporate Texas Lloyds Mercantile, Mar. 6, 1951 Repayment, June 5, 1951
Folder 32: $150,000.00 Loan Mercantile, Dec. 6, 1951
Folder 33: Increase of Capital from 200,000 to 400,000
Folder 34: Increase of Capital from 200,000 to 400,000
Folder 35: Mercantile Bank – Annual Statement
Folder 36: $200,000.00 Original Incorporation
Folder 37: Mercantile Bank, May24-June 6, 1950
Folder 38: $400,000.00 Loan Republic, Dec. 31, 1953 Repaid, Jan. 2, 1954
Folder 39: Plaintiff’s First Amended Original Petition: C.H. Langdeau vs.Ben Jack Cage, et al
Box 211
Folder 1: Miscellaneous Materials
Folder 2: Mr. Allred
Folder 3-5: Legal Authorities
Folder 5: Plantiff’s Original Petition: V.F. Taylor, Receiver ICT Insurance Company vs. Ben Jack Cage, et al
Folder 6: Liquidator's Status
Folder 7: Unlabeled Folder
Folder 8: Atty Gen Opinions
Folder 9: A-6540
Folder 10: State Pleadings and Briefs
Box 212
Folder 1: Betts Pleadings and Briefs
Folder 2: Allred Pleadings and Briefs
Folder 3: A-6870
Folder 4: A-6901
Folder 5: Federal Court Case
Folder 6: Statements – All Receivership
Folder 7: July 1958 Resignation Attorney for Receivership
Folder 8: Order of 98th District Court Appointing Renne Allred, Jr. Attorney in Receivership, 1957-1958
Folder 9: Lyndon B. Johnson
Folder 10: Discharge by Board – Later by Courts
Folder 11: Judgment Appointing Receiver – Case Closed
Box 213
Folder 1: Correspondence to Board
Folder 2: Renne Allred
Folder 3: Discharge, 1954
Folder 4: Century Lloyds
Folder 5: Commercial Securities
Folder 6: Great National Fire and Casualty Company Home Service
Folder 7: Lloyds of Great State
Folder 8: John Van Cronkhite
Folder 9: Plantiffs Original Petition: V.F. Taylor, Receiver ICT Insurance Company vs. Ben Jack Cage, et al
Folder 10: Lloyds of North America
Folder 11: Texas Fire
Folder 12: Miscellaneous Folder
Folder 13: Texas Western Assurance Co.
Folder 14: Good State Life
Folder 15: Pioneer Western
Folder 16: North American Assurance
Folder 17: Home Life Figures and Correspondence
Folder 18: Provedent American Trust – Gooch
Folder 19: Texas Western
Folder 20: Armed Forces
Folder 21: Unlabeled
Box 214
Folder 1: A-B
Folder 2: Unlabeled Folder
Folder 3: Smith, Garland
Folder 4-5: Texas Mutual
Folder 6: Texas Mutual – 33 Page Memo Lockhart
Folder 7: United Lloyds
Folder 8: Unlabeled
Folder 9: Renne Allred, Jr.
Folder 10: General American
Box 215
Folder 1: Scrap Book
Folder 2: Miscellaneous Materials
Folder 3: LBJA Selected Names, Allred, James V., 1934-1948
Folder 4: LBJA Selected Names, Allred, James V., Jan.-Oct. 1949
Folder 5: LBJA Selected Names, Allred, James V., Nov. 1949-Mar. 1955
Folder 6: Condolence Letters When Jimmie Passed, Fall 1959
Box 216
Folder 1: Allred, James V.
Folder 2: Allred, James V. – Funeral Notices, etc.
Folder 3: Allred, O.H, Property of
Folder 4-6: Miscellaneous Information
Folder 7: Phoenix, Year Book, 1921
Folder 8: Report On Investigation Of Explosion At Consolidated School New London, Texas, Mar. 18, 1937
Sub-Series 3: Allred Miscellaneous Items
Sub-Sub-Series 1: Johnson – Senate Race
Box 217
Folder 1: Taft Hartly Clippings
Folder 2: Coke Stevenson, 1946
Folder 3: Coke Stevenson, 1945
Folder 4: Coke Stevenson Clippings and File
Folder 5: Stevenson Election Pamphlet and Clippings
Folder 6: Stevenson vs. Johnson – Opinions, 1948
Folder 7: Lyndon Johnson Speeches, 1948
Folder 8: Stevenson vs. Johnson
Folder 9: Pardons, Data, Clippings, etc., 1935
Folder 10: Pardon and Parole Data
Folder 11: State Board of Pardons and Paroles, Feb. 28, 1946
Folder 12: Pardon and Parole Clippings
Folder 13: Pardon Photostats
Sub-Sub-Series 2: Stevenson vs. Johnson, 1948
Box 217
Folder 14: Johnson vs. Stevenson
Folder 15: Unlabeled
Folder 16-21: Stevenson vs. Johnson
Sub-Sub-Series 3: Allred, James V. Tape Recording
Box 217
Item 22: Allred’s Speech at Fort Belknap, Oct. 17, 1951
Item 23: KTRN
Item 24: Interview with Mrs. Dave Allred
Item 25: Interview with Mr. Shields
Item 26: Several Recollections by Mrs. Dave Allred, Impressions of a Daughter in Love
Item 27: Jimmie Allred’s Contribution to a Letter – Tape to his brother Ray’s daughter and family about a month before his death
Item 28: Dr. Ed Holley “Resources for Research in Urban Areas"
Item 29: Stories that Jimmie Allred’s Brothers tell about their early lives in Bowie, Texas, 1961
Sub-Sub-Series 4: Allred, James V. Tapes Box 6
Box 217
Item 30: Jimmie Allred’s Speech at Fort Belknap, Oct. 17, 1951
Item 31: The Tape of Speech for John N. Garner – Ken Hughes at K.T.R.N provided his service without charge for tape or time.
Item 32: Allred – Came to S.C., June 20, 1974
Item 33: Gov. James V. Allred Speeches
Item 34-35: Address to the 44th Legislature
Item 36: To Governor James V. Allred with every expression of respect and thanks. Jack Gross Hollywood Way (one sided record), 1938
Item 37: James V. Allred Address to the 44th Legislature, Jan. 16, 1935
Item 38: James V. Allred KGKO Broadcast, 1938
Item 39: “To Governor James V. Allred with every expression of Respect and thanks, Jack Gross, Hollywood."
Item 40: Envelope with “This is probably film of the reunion about 1958 of the assistant attorneys general who served under JVA."
Folder 41: Transcript of Mrs. Allred Interview
Folder 42: Transcript
Item 43: Transcript on Tape 2 – Brother's Stories
Item 44: Mrs. James V. Allred Interview; Musical Selections by Mrs. Allred
Sub-Sub-Series 5: Unsorted Materials
Box 218, 219

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal, 1922-1959],
[Series 2: Practice of Law, 1921-1930],
[Series 3: District Attorney, 1923-1925],
[Series 4: Political Files, 1926-1958],
[Series 5: Attorney General, 1931-1935],
[Series 6: Governor, 1935-1939],
[Series 7: Practice of Law, 1942-1949],
[Series 8: Judge U.S. District Court, 1939-1942 and 1949-1959],
[Series 9: Clippings and Newspapers, 1923-1970],
[Series 10: Miscellaneous Publications, 1935-1947],
[Series 11: Appointment Books, 1930-1959],
[Series 12: Photographs, Memorabilia, and Miscellaneous],
[All]

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